Marruecos

Temas a tratar: Marruecos , Argelia , Libia , Túnez, Sahara Occidental y Seguridad en el Mediterráneo.
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Temas a tratar: Marruecos , Argelia , Libia , Túnez, Sahara Occidental y Seguridad en el Mediterráneo.
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ASR
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Marruecos. Asuntos de actualidad

Mensaje por ASR » Mar Nov 14, 2006 10:37 pm

Tema abierto sobre Marruecos.

kilo009
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Mensaje por kilo009 » Jue Ene 11, 2007 1:25 pm

26 de Enero de 2006:

El partido marroquí, Istiqlal, sigue diciendo que luchará por mantener la integridad territorial, y que luchará políticamente para que España entregue Ceuta y Melilla. Curioso es que hablan bastante de la Marcha Verde.

http://www.lopinion.ma/article.php3?id_article=10661

13 de Marzo de 2006:

Artículo bastante interesante de Pedro Canales (La Razón) sobre el plan de Autonomía para el Sahara que presentará próximamente Marruecos en el Consejo de Seguridad de la ONU. El PP y los saharauis están en contra, el PSOE seguramente lo aceptará.

El primer ministro Dris Yetú se reunió con Aznar en Bruselas para sondear la postura de la oposición. Vemos el peso que tiene Aznar internacionalmente (en el artículo se leen otras cosas), todo lo contrario al actual presidente de nuestro Gobierno:

http://www.larazon.es/noticias/noti_nac16958.htm

Esto guarda relación con el 11M, ahí están las palabras de Moratinos, algo así como (para evitar un nuevo 11M el Sahara tiene que ser marroquí)
Saber para Vencer

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Mod. 1
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Mensaje por Mod. 1 » Jue Ene 11, 2007 1:35 pm

Zulu dijo el 13 de Marzo de 2006:

las palabras de Moratinos, algo así como (para evitar un nuevo 11M el Sahara tiene que ser marroquí)


Cobardía, cobardía, cobardía y traición, lo demas es cuento :twisted:
Gracias, La Moderación

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Mensaje por Mod. 1 » Jue Ene 11, 2007 1:39 pm

Kilo025 dijo el 18 de Agosto de 2006:

Recomiendo el libre de César Vidal España frente al islam, es un recorrido por toda la historia de los encuentros, más bien desencuentros, entre España y el mundo islámico, hay como pueden imaginarse, una atención especial al país del sur así como a las diversas guerras que libramos contra él.

En general la historia demuestra que cualquier intento de negociación o acercamiento hacia ellos es entendido no como una muestra de buenas intenciones, si no como una demostración de debilidad. Por ello es indispensable mantenerse fuerte en cualquier disyuntiva.

En los acontecimientos de Ifni o del Sahara Español el gobierno marroquí dio sobradas muestras de su expansionismo, propio de cualquier sistema dictatorial, además dejó sobradas muestras de su intención de reclamar Ceuta, Melilla y Canarias.
Gracias, La Moderación

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Mensaje por Mod. 1 » Jue Ene 11, 2007 1:41 pm

Esteban dijo el 25 de Agosto de 2006:

Atención, pregunta...dónde se ve la tv de hizbullah con más audiencia aparte del propio Líbano....MARRUECOS.

Supongo que quien corresponsa estará tomando nota, pero en los últimos años, desde el 11S, la radicalización de los marroquíes está disparándose. Según el instituto Pew, los marroquíes eran los más radicales en temas como ben Laden, o al Qaeda, casi a la par que los paquistaníes. En el tema de Palestina y demás, también se salen de lo normal. La desilusión por los fracasos económicos, políticos y sociales del mojamé tampoco han debido ayudar mucho.

Ayer pusieron en la CNN un especial de dos horas dedicado a ben Laden. No estuvo nada mal. Una de las entrevistadas era una marroquí, esposa de uno de los suicidas que asesinaron al comandante afgano Massud el 9 septiembre. Una tipa que vivía en Bélgica y que poco menos que adoraba a Osama, el cual le mando religiosamente el sobre con la pasta tras la autoinmolación del maridito.

Creo que si aquí se jugase de verdad a política de estado, habría que ir sopesando las alternativas a un Marruecos islamista. Y hay dos cosas evidentes. La nueva traición al Polisario (por una que nos hicieron ellos, nosotros les hemos hecho ya 10 o 12) y la falta de apoyo en su día a un Rif independiente no van a hacer sino complicarnos mucho las cosas.

Quizás fuera el momento de rectificar. Bueno, cuando se vayan éstos, si es que se van algún día.

Imagen

http://www.google.com/trends?q=al+manar ... l&date=all


Kilo009 dijo:

Lo vengo diciendo desde hace mucho, un Marruecos islámico es una de las posibilidades a las que nos vamos a enfrentar. Vengo buscando en la prensa la situación de la célula terrorista desarticulada hace poco en Marruecos, es ímpresionante lo que querían preparar.

También hay que tener en cuenta que tenemos al enemigo en casa, fíjate que después de Líbano y Marruecos, el siguiente crecimiento está en Francia.


Esteban dijo:

Imagen
Imagen
Imagen
Imagen
Imagen

Como se ve, el vecino nos va a dar bastante de que hablar de aquí a no mucho.


Kilo009 dijo:

Es realmente preocupante la estadística que colocas. Mira esto:

Al-Qaeda Networks Uncovered in Morocco

Investigations into Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad bil-Maghrib (the Monotheism and Jihad group in Morocco) cells broken up by Moroccan security have revealed the inroads al-Qaeda has made into the region (see Terrorism Focus, Volume II, Issue 22). From the testimony of the arrested Belgian national Mohamed R'ha, al-Qaeda has emphasized the restructuring of its organization in Saudi Arabia and set up affiliate organizations in North Africa. As part of the broader restructuring plan, the Algerian Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC) is to rejoin bin Laden's organization and provide support bases for its expansion, in order to more effectively target pro-U.S. regimes in the region.

The details released from the investigation add to the messages that were intended to be delivered to bin Laden via Abu Baseer the Algerian. The first of these was the call to active al-Qaeda operatives in Saudi Arabia that had already been installed to replace the recent losses from Saudi intelligence crackdowns. A second message contains the plan to have the GSPC make formal bay'a (allegiance) to Osama bin Laden and take over the administration of the North African jihad under this aegis. The third message indicates efforts to create al-Qaeda organizations in each North African country and a program to unite them with North Africans residing in Europe. The process behind these objectives includes the recruitment of volunteers for training in GSPC camps in Algeria, followed by their military activity against the Algerian security forces, before being sent to Syria, pending suicide operations carried out by members across the border in Iraq. Moroccan volunteers who returned to North Africa would form sleeper cells awaiting instructions from al-Qaeda.

Volunteers from North Africa have played important roles in al-Zarqawi's group in Iraq, but interestingly, UPI reported on December 4 that al-Zarqawi appears to have rejected a contingent of Algerian recruits, fearing that they were infiltrated by U.S. intelligence. The thoroughness of the security response in North Africa is making security difficult for the mujahideen. Following the May 2003 multiple bombings in Casablanca, the arena has become even less orderly, with a number of previously unknown groups declaring themselves and issuing threats against the government. One group, "The Moroccan Islamic Army for Shari'ah," has been issuing threats to leading Socialist figures such as Minister of Territorial Development Mohammad al-Yazghi, the head of the socialist bloc in parliament Idriss Lashgar and Minister of Economy and Finance Fathallah Oualalou. Meanwhile, remnants of the Ahl al-Sunna wal-Jama'a, heavily affected by the post-Casablanca crackdown, formed the Usbat al-Falah (The Salvation League) and announced its existence in a communiqué from the Syrian jihadi forum Minbar Suriya al-Islami last November, declaring jihad on the Moroccan state (www.nnuu.org/vb; Focus Volume II, Issue 20).

On November 24, a day after the posting on the Usbat al-Falah, the same Syrian forum hosted a posting containing the Charter of the Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad bil-Maghrib signed by two Moroccans, the "commander" Abu al-Zubayr and the "media wing" Abu Muhammad. The text, addressed "To the Lions of Monotheism in all parts of the country," issued complaints against the Moroccan state, focusing on the substitution of the Shari'ah with a "government based on man-made infidel laws," and the "education of a new apostate generation that will tend the seedling of the infidel colonizers after their departure." The Charter identifies these as more dangerous than the colonizers, "since this group comes from among us, speaks our language, and most of the populace know little about them; the disbelief of apostasy is more injurious than original disbelief." The Charter goes on to describe the existence of "a blessed group resolved to rise up against the criminal tyrant [King Muhammad VI], to fight him and his party … in the path of jihad in the land of Tariq bin Ziyad [the Conqueror of Spain] and [leader of the Almoravids] Yusuf bin Tashufin … to fight the apostate hordes and tear up their roots." The authors of the Charter, however, lay stress on the limitations they place on the process of takfir (declaring someone a disbeliever), confining it to those committing overt acts contrary to the core practices of Islam, rather than extending to the evaluation of the individual's level of personal piety. This, no doubt, distinguishes the Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad bil-Maghrib from the takfiri groups such as the Algerian GIA, or the absolutist excesses of Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi (www.nnuu.org/vb).

http://people-press.org/reports/display ... portID=206[/b]
Gracias, La Moderación

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elder
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Mensaje por elder » Dom Ene 14, 2007 5:41 pm

En los acontecimientos de Ifni o del Sahara Español el gobierno marroquí dio sobradas muestras de su expansionismo, propio de cualquier sistema dictatorial, además dejó sobradas muestras de su intención de reclamar Ceuta, Melilla y Canarias.



¿No era un sistema dictatorial también el que entregó Sidi-Ifni?

8)
De mi Dios vulneré diez mandatos, de mi Rey ninguno.

KS

Armamento: Marruecos

Mensaje por KS » Dom Ene 14, 2007 8:05 pm

Royal Moroccan Air Force en Scramble.nl

The Royal Moroccan Air Force, or Alkowat al malakiya al jawiya, was founded in 1956 when it still was called Sherifan Royal Aviation. The Air Force's backbone is formed by French built aircraft. The Air Force consists of four commands. The training command uses the AS202 for initial training. Further training is done on the T-34C and the CM170. After graduating, fighter pilots are trained on the Alpha Jet, Transport pilots on the King Air and Helicopter pilots on the B205, B206 and SA342.

The transport fleet is based at Kénitra in the north and uses the C-130H and B707 for transport and air-to-air refueling. The CN235 is also used for transport and the Falcon 50 and Gulfstream are used for VIP-transport. The Rabat-Sale based helicopter fleet shows a variety of helicopters. Besides the SA330 and the CH-47 for transport, the Air Force uses B205, B206 and SA342 helicopters. Also based at Rabat-Sale is the Maritime Patrol Flight which uses the Do28 to protect the coastal waters.

The Backbone of the Royal Moroccan Air Force is formed by four fighter squadrons, two with F-5's and two with Mirage F1's. Moroccan fighters can be seen in Europe occasionally, of which the ODAX 2000 excercise held in France is an good example. Also, Moroccan fighters are regularly seen in Spain and Portugal on exchange visits. The F-5 is rather old but funding for upgrading the type is not available. Also the plans for purchasing Mirage 2000's have not been realised yet.

The Escadron Aerien Gendarmerie Royal (Royal Police Squadron) uses a variety of helicopters and is based in several airfields. Most aircraft in the Moroccan Air Force use civil registers. There is however some confusion about the way the serials are presented. For instance, CN-RMW is the way a B737 is serialled, but CNA-OB is used on a C-130. The fighters use numbers instead of characters.


http://www.scramble.nl/ma.htm



No perderse la sección "Order of Battle".

Un saludo,
KS



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Orbat marroquí, en Fuerzas Armadas del Mundo

Muchas gracias al forista Sparrow.

Imagen

Imagen

Imagen

Imagen

Imagen

Imagen


Hacer clic en las imágenes para agrandar.

Un saludo,
KS


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DESPLIEGUE DE LAS FUERZAS ARMADAS REALES DE MARRUECOS

NADOR
25 Batallón de Infantería de Sector (BIS)

OUJDA
28 BIS
1 Grupo de Escuadrones a caballo (Motorizados)(destacamentos en Ahfir y Berkane)

BOUARFA
4º BIS

ALHUCEMAS
2º Batallón de Desembarco de Infantería de Marina
Base Naval

FES
2º Batallón de Infantería de Guarnición (BIG)
2º Batallón de la Brigada Ligera de Seguridad (BLS)

EL HAJEB
3º BIG
3º Batallón de Ingenieros (BING)

GUERCIF
3º Grupo de Escuadrones Blindados (GEB)

MEKNES
7º Grupo de Artillería Real (GAR)
3º Batallón de Transmisiones
2º Batallón de Transportes
2º Batallón de reparaciones
3º Batallón de Intendencia
Academia Militar

KENITRA
1º Batallón de Transmisiones
2º Batallón de Transportes
1º Batallón de Municionamiento

RABAT
EM Central
Batallón de la Guardia Real
Brigada Paracaidista
Brigada Ligera de Seguridad
1º BIG
1º Batallón de Intendencia
2º Batallón de Sanidad

CASABLANCA
Base naval principal
1º Batallón de desembarco de la Infantería de Marina
1º Batallón de Sanidad

TEMARA
2º Grupo de Escuadrones a Caballo

KHOURBIGA
5º GEB

KASBA TADLA
Batallón de Montaña (en cuadro)

ERRACHIDIA
Un Batallón del 5º Regimiento de Infantería Mecanizada
2º GEB

RISSANI
4º Batallón Meharista

MARRAKECH
2º BIG
batallón de Municionamiento
Batallón de Intendencia

OUAZARZATE
Un Batallón de 5º Regimiento de Infantería Mecanizada
9º GEB
2º GAR

ZAGORA
3º Batallón del 9º Regimiento de Infantería Mecanizada

FOUM EL ZAOUD
4º Batallón del 9º Regimiento de Infantería Mecanizada

TATA
37 BIS

FOUM EL HASSAN
17º BIS
1º Batallón Meharista

AGADIR
1º Batallón de Transporte
3º Batallón de Sanidad

BOU IZARKAN
4º BING
Compañía de radares
3º batallón de Municionamiento

SIDI IFNI
3º GAR

ASSA
3º Batallón de la BLS

MESSEIED
44º BIS
48º BIS

TAN TAN
5º GEB
Grupo de Intervención Paracaidista
1º GEB
1º GAR

ZAG
4º GEB
14º BIS
29º BIS

ABATH
41º BIS
43º BIS

SMARA
3º Batallón Paracaidista
5º Batallón de la BLS
3º Regimiento de Infantería
11º regimiento de Infantería
16º BIS
4º GAR
6º GAR
9º GAR

TARFAYA
38º BIS
10º GAR

DAOURA
8º BIS

EL AAIUN
4º Batallón paracaidista
4º Batallón de la BLS
18º BIS
47ª BIS
49º BIS
8º Batallón meharista
7º GEB
5º GAR
8º GAR
2º BING
3º BTRANS
3º Batallón de reparaciones
2º Batallón de Intendencia
2º Batallón de Sanidad

BOJADOR
33º BIS
35º BIS

DAKHLA
22º BIS
5º BING
3º Batallón de Desembarco de la Infantería de Marina
11º Regimiento de infantería
6º Regimiento de Infantería
4º Batallón de la BLS
11º GAR

_____________________

1) Aclaraciones a este documento. Las FAR, al igual que los franceses, hablan de “Places d’armes” al referirse a las guarniciones. Las unidades reflejadas en esta lista tienen su centro, podríamos decir administrativo, en esas ciudades, pero no necesariamente tienen sus cuarteles en ella. Lo mismo ocurre con las GU, cuando se habla de la 7ª Brigada UMUD, en Zaag, estamos hablando de una unidad administrativa, no de combate, al igual que pasa con los regimientos.
2) Antiaéreo



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EL ARMA BLINDADA Y LA CABALLERIA DE LAS FAR


GRUPO DE ESCUADRONES BLINDADOS Nº 1

Base: SMARA
- 5 escuadrones blindados con 69 M-48
- Un escuadrón mecanizado con 26 TOA M-113
- Un escuadrón contracarro con 12 TOA – TOW
- Una batería antiaérea con 12 TOA – VULCAN
- 9 TOA de mando
- 9 TOA de transmisiones
- 3 Carros grua

GEB Nº 2

Base: ERRACHIDIA
- 4 escuadrones blindados con 54 M-48
- Un escuadrón mecanizado con 27 TOA M-113
- Un escuadrón anticarro con 10 TOA – TOW
- Una batería antiaérea con 12 TOA – VULCAN
- 9 TOA de Mando
- 9 TOA de transmisiones

GEB nº 3

Base: GUERCIF
- 2 escuadrones blindados con 27 M-48
- 2 escuadrones blindados con 54 AMX-10 RC
- Un escuadrón mecanizado con 34 VAB

GEB nº 4

Base: SIDI IFNI
- 2 escuadrones blindados con 41 SK-105 KUIRIASER
- 2 escuadrones blindados con 26 AML-90
- 1 escuadrón mecanizado con 11 TOA M-113

GEB nº 7
Base: MEQUINEZ
- 5 escuadrones blindados con 69 M-60
- Un escuadron mecanizado con 26 TOA M-113
- Una batería antiaérea con 12 TOA VULCAN

GEB nº 8
Base: El AAIUN
- 5 escuadrones blindados con 54 M-60
- 10 escuadrones mecanizados con 120 AML-90

Grupo de Escuadrones Mecanizados (GEM) nº 5

Base: KHOURBIGA
- 2 escuadrones mecanizados con 26 UR-416
- Un escuadrón mecanizado con ¿? EBR-75
- 3 escuadrones mecanizados con 39 AML-90
- Un escuadrón mecanizado con 12 VAB

Escuadrón de la Guardia Real

Base: RABAT
- 3 escuadrones a caballo
- Una batería de salvas

Grupo de Escuadrones a Caballo nº 1
Base: OUJDA
- 3 escuadrones motorizados con Land Rover
- Una sección de morteros pesados de 120 mm

Grupo de Escuadrones a Caballo nº 2

Base: TEMARA
- ¿? Escuadrones motorizados con Land Rover
- Una sección de morteros pesados de 120 mm.

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EL ARMA DE ARTILLERÍA EN LAS FAR

GRUPO DE ARTILLERIA REAL Nº 1
Base: TAZA
Plana Mayor avanzada: HAUSA
- 16 obuses ATP M-109
- 5 obuses ATP M-101
- 4 BM-21
- 23 TOA M-113

GAR Nº 2
Base: OUAZARZATE
Plana Mayor avanzada: MAHBES
- 15 obuses remolcados F-3 de 155 mm
- 4 BM-21

GAR Nº 3
Base: MIDELT
Plana Mayor avanzada: RAS EL KANFRA
- 15 obuses remolcados F-3
- 15 obuses ATP M-101

GAR Nº 4
Base: TAN TAN
Plana Mayor avanzada: SMARA
- 15 obuses F-3
- 18 obuses LG de 105 mm

GAR Nº 5
Base: EL AAIUN
Plana Mayor avanzada: BIR EN ZARAM
- 15 obuses ATP M-109
- 15 obuses ATP (Chasis AMX 13)
- 4 BM-21

GAR Nº 6
Base: FEZ
Plana Mayor avanzada: SMARA
- 15 obuses ATP M-109
- 15 obuses ATP M-101
- 12 BM-21
- 10 ZSU-23

GAR Nº 7
Base: MEQUINEZ
- 60 TOA VULCAN
- 40 VULCAN remolcados
- 37 Lanzadores CHAPARRAL
- 12 KS-19

GAR Nº 8

Base: EL AAIUN
Plan Mayor avanzada: BIR EN ZARAM
- 18 obuses LG
- 12 BM-21

GAR Nº 9
Base: SMARA
- 12 obuses M-46 de 130 mm
- 15 morteros pesados de 120 mm

GAR Nº 10
Base: TARFAYA
- 12 obuses M-114

GAR Nº 11
Base: BOUCRAA
- 16 obuses F-3

GAR Nº 12

Base: DAKLHA
- 16 obuses F-3



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ARMADA MARROQUI


Personal: 7.800, incluidos 1500 de infantería de marina
Base principal: Casablanca
Bases secundarias: Agadir, Al Hoceima, Dakhla, Kenitra, Safi, Tanger y Nador.
Aviación marítima: El ministerio de Pesca y Marina mercante opera once aviones ligeros de patrulla marítima Pilatus-Britten-Norman BN-2T Defender para control de la Z.E.E.

Fragata clase Descubierta
(E.N. Bazán, El Ferrol)

LIEUTENANT COLONEL ERRHAMANI Numeral: 501

Encargada: 20/3/79 Botadura: 26/2/82 En servicio: 28/3/83
Desplazamiento: 1270 ton. Velocidad:26 nudos Dimensiones: 88.8x10.4x3.25 m
Armamento: 1 lanzador óctuple SAM Albatros (24 misiles AA Aspide). 1 cañón de 76/62 OTO-Breda DP. 2 cañones de 40/70 Bofors AA. 1 lanzacohetes ASW de 375 mm. Bofors SR375RL (24 cohetes).6 tubos lanzatorpedos US Mk.32 Mod. 5 ASW (montajes triples. torpedos Mk.46 Mod.2)
Equipo electrónico: 1 radar de búsqueda de superficie ZW-06. 1 radar de búsqueda aérea/superficie DA-05. 1 radar de navegación WM-25 Mod. 41
Sonar: 1 Raytheon DE 1160B
Guerra electrónica: 1 equipo ELT 715. 2 sistemas lanzadores de señuelos Defense Sagaie decoy RL de 18 tubos cada uno.
Motores: 4 bazan-MTU 16MA956 TB91 diesel. 2 hélices. 18.000 bhp. 1 generador de 1810 Kw.
autonomía: 4000 millas a 18 nudos. Capacidad de combustible: 150 ton. Dotación: 100.
Sistema de combate: H.S.A. SEWACO-MR. Puede llevar cuatro canastas para misiles MM38 Exocet, pero no se le han instalado. En 1995 los montajes de 40 mm fueron cerrados con montajes Mauser. Embarca 600 disparos para el cañón de 76 mm.

Patrulleros lanzamisiles clase Lazaga.
(E.N. Bazán, Cádiz)

COMMANDANT AL KHATTABI (3/6/8) Numeral: 304
COMMANDANT BOUTOUBA (11/12/81) 305
COMMANDANT EL HARTY (25/2/82) 306
COMMANDANT AZOUGGARH (2/8/82) 307

Desplazamiento: 303 ton. Velocidad: 29.6 Dimensiones: 57.40x7.60x2.70
Armamento: 2 lanzadores dobles de misiles SSM mm38 Exocet. 1 cañón de 76/62 OTO-Breda. 1 cañón de 40/70 Bofors-OTO-Breda. 2 cañones de 20/70 Oerlikon GAM-BO1
Equipo electrónico: 1 radar Decca de navegación. 1 radar H.S.A. ZW-06 de búsqueda de superficie y aérea. 1 radar H.S.A. WM-25
Motores 2 Bazán-MTU MA16V956 TB91 diesel. 2 hélices. 7.780 bhp.1 generador de 405 Kw. Autonomía: 700 millas a 26 nudos. 3000 millas a 15 nudos. Dotación: 41
Sistema de combate: 300 disparos de 76 mm. 1472 de 40mm. 3000 de 20 mm. Director de tiro para las piezas de 40 mm C.S. Dèfense Naja (Director óptico). Normalmente solo embarcan dos misiles MM38 Exocet, pero últimamente no llevan ninguno. Los montajes de 40 mm. han sido provistos de los mismos montajes Mauser que la fragata L.C. Errhamani.

Patrulleros de altura Clase OPV 64
(Astilleros Leroux &Lotz. Le Rohu. Lorient. Francia)

RAIS BARGACH (14/12/95) Numeral: 318
RAIS BRITEL (6/96) 319
RAIS CHARKAOUI (16/12/96) 320
RAIS MAANINOU (6/97) 321
RAIS AL MOUNASTIRI (12/97) 322

Desplazamiento: 580 Ton. Velocidad: 25 nudos Dimensiones: 64x11.40x3
Armamento: 1 cañón de 40/60 Bofors. 1 cañón de 20/90 GIAT F20. 2 ametralladoras de 12.70
Equipo electrónico: 1 radar de navegación Decca Brigdemaster en banda I. 1 radar Decca Brigdemaster ARPA de búsqueda de superficie.
Motores: 2 Wärstilä Nohab 16V25 diesel (900 RPM). 2 hélices KaMeWa. 10.000 bhp. 3 generadores con un total de 480 Kw. (2 Wärstilä UD19L6 diesel de 200kwc/u. 1 Wärstilä UD16L6 de 80 Kw)
Autonomía: 5000 millas a 14 nudos. (20 días de mar). Dotación: 3 oficiales 21 suboficiales y marineros (puede acomodar hasta 54 personas en total).
Observaciones: 8 compartimentos estancos. Sistema de estabilización por tanques de lastre. Plataforma para helicópteros. Posee una rampa interna para recoger y lanzar una lancha semirrigida. Equipo antiincendios (un cañón de agua de 400 metros cúbicos/hora) y anti contaminación por hidrocarburos (dos depósitos de 5 metros cúbicos de dispersantes y dos barreras de 8 m de largo). En la 320 el armamento consiste en dos cañones de 20 mm. El equipo de navegación incluye GPS y piloto automático.

Patrulleros de altura clase Osprey 55
(Astilleros Danyard A/S Frederikshaven, Dinamarca)

EL LAHIQ (11/87) Nº 308
EL TAWFIQ (10/87) Nº 309
EL HAMISS Nº 316
EL KARIB (12/90) Nº 317

Desplazamiento: 420 ton. Velocidad: 19 nudos (max.) 18 (sostenida)
Dimensiones: 54.75x10.59x2.75 m
Armamento: 1 cañón de 40/70 Bofors. 2 cañones de 20/70 Oerlikon.
Electrónica: 2 radares de navegación Decca.
Motores: 2 MAN Burmeister & Wain Alpha 12V23/30 DVO. 2 hélices. 4.960 bhp
Equipo eléctrico: 268 kw/316kVA tot. (2MWM TD232-V8 diesel)
Autonomía: 4.500 millas a 16 nudos. Capacidad de combustible: 95 ton. Dotación: 15 (+16 pasajeros)
Nota: Usados para protección de pesquerías y en misiones SAR. Poseen un equipo de descontaminación de hidrocarburos. Rampa interna para lanzar y recoger un bote semirrigido inflable. El 308 EL LAHIQ, esta equipado con sonar tridimensional cartográfico, habiendo realizado trabajos hidrográficos en Jorf las far, Casablanca, Rabat y Tánger.


Patrulleros costeros clase Vigilance

(Serie P2000/D. E.N. Bazán, Cádiz)

LIEUTENANT DE VAISEAU RABHI (16/9/88) Nº 310
ERRACHIQ (16/12/88) Nº 311
EL AKID (4/4/89) Nº 312
EL MAHER (20/6/89) Nº 313
EL MAJID (29/6/89) Nº 314
EL BACHIR (19/12/89) Nº315

Desplazamiento: 307 ton. Velocidad: 22 nudos Dimensiones: 58.1x7.60x2.70
Armamento: 1 cañón de 40/70 Bofors. 2 cañones de 20/90 Oerlikon
Electrónica: 2 radares de navegación Decca. Motores: 2 MTU 16V965 TB82 diesel. 2 hélices. 7.600 bhp
Autonomía: 3.880 millas a 12 nudos. (10 días de mar). Dotación: 4 oficiales, 32 clases y marineros. Acomodación para 15 pasajeros.



Patrulleros costeros clase PR-72

(Astilleros SFCN, Villeneuve la Garenne, Francia)

OKBA (10/10/75) Nº 302
TRIKI (12/7/77) Nº 303

Desplazamiento: 370 ton. Velocidad: 28 nudos Dimensiones: 57x7.6x2.5
Armamento: 1 cañón de 76/62 OTO-Breda DP. 1 cañón de 40/70 Bofors
Electrónica: 1 radar de navegación Decca 1226
Motores: 4 SCAM AGO 195V16 SZSHR diesel. 2 hélices. 11.400 bhp.
Autonomía: 2.550 millas a 16 nudos. Dotación: 53


Patrulleros costeros clase P-32
(Astilleros: CMN, Cherburgo, Francia)

EL WACIL (9/10/75) Nº 203
EL JAIL (3/12/75) Nº 204
EL MIKDAM (30/1/76) Nº 205
EL KHAFIR (16/4/76) Nº 206
EL HARIS (30/6/76) Nº 207
ESSAHIR (16/7/76) Nº 208

Desplazamiento: 89 ton. Velocidad: 28 nudos. Dimensiones: 32x5.35x1.7
Armamento: 1 ó 2 cañones de 20/70 Oerlikon.
Electrónica: 1 radar de navegación Decca
Motores: 2 MGO 12V BZSHR diesel. 2 hélices. 2.700 bhp. Autonomía: 1.200 millas a 15 nudos
Dotación: 17


Buque de desembarco de carros clase Newport
(National Steel Shipbuilding. San Diego. California USA)

SIDI MOHAMED BEN ABDALLAH Nº 407

Desplazamiento: 4.975 ton. Velocidad: 22 nudos. Dimensiones: 159.2x21.18x5.3
Armamento: 1 sistema Vulcan Mk. 15 Phalanx gatling. de 20 mm. 4 ametralladoras de 12.7 mm.
Electrónica: 1 radar Raytheon SPS-64 (V)9 de navegación. 1 radar Raytheon SPS-10F de búsqueda de superficie.
Motores: 6 ALCO 16-251 diesel. 2 hélices. 16.500 bhp. Autonomía: 14.250 millas a 14 nudos.
Dotación: 187. Acomodación para 386 pasajeros.
Nota: puede transportar 2.000 toneladas de carga. Posee dos rampas flotantes de 34 m de longitud y 75 toneladas de capacidad para ampliar la rampa de proa. Una de ellas es autopropulsada. Plataforma para helicópteros de 242 m cúbicos. En la cubierta de carros de combate puede transportar 29 carros modelo M 48 o 41 camiones de 2,5 ton. En la cubierta superior puede transportar 29 camiones de 2,5 ton. Normalmente embarca 3 medios de desembarco LCVP y 1 LCP. Tiene dos grúas de 10 ton. Embarca 141.600 galones de combustible para vehículos


Buque de desembarco clase Champlain
Dubigeon, Normandia, Francia)

DAOUD BEN AICHA Nº 402
AHMED BEN SAKKALI Nº 403
ABOU ABDALLAH EL AYACHI Nº 404

Desplazamiento: 750 ton. Velocidad: 16 nudos. Dimensiones: 80x13x2.4
Armamento: 2 cañones de 40/70 Bofors. 2 ametralladoras de 12.7. 2 morteros de 81 mm.
Electrónica:1 radar de navegación Decca 1226
Motores: 4 SCAM V-12 diesel. 2 hélices. 3.600 bhp.
Autonomía: 4.500 millas a 13 nudos. Dotación: 84
Nota: Pueden transportar 133 soldados y 12 vehículos (300 ton. En total en desembarco). Transporta 208 ton de agua potable. Tienen plataforma para operar helicópteros en popa


Buque de desembarco EDIC

(C.N. Franco-Belgas)

LIEUTENAN MALGHAH (1965) Nº 401

Desplazamiento: 292 ton. velocidad: 8 nudos. Dimensiones: 59x11.95x1.3
Armamento: 2 cañones de 20/70 Oerlikon. 1 mortero de 120 mm
Electrónica: 1 radar de navegación 1226
Motores: 2 MGO diesel. 2 hélices. 1.000 bhp. Autonomía: 1.800 millas a 8 nudos. Dotación: 16
Nota: Puede transportar once vehículos



Buque de investigación oceanográfica clase Robert D. Conrad.

ABOU EL BARAKAT EL BARBARI Nº 702

Desplazamiento: 1.088 ton. Velocidad: 13.5 nudos Dimensiones: 63.7x11.4x4.9
Electrónica: 1 radar de navegación Raytheon 1650/SX. 1 radar de navegación Raytheon 1660/12S
Motores: 2 Cummins diesel. 1 hélice. 1000 bhp. 1 motor eléctrico JT700 Omnitruster de 350 bhp.
Autonomía: 9.000 millas a 12 nudos. (12 días de mar). Combustible: 211 ton.
Dotación: 26 + 15 personal científico / técnico.

Buque de transporte de vehículos
(Leroux & lotz, Nantes, Francia)

EL DAKHLA Nº 408

Desplazamiento: 1.105 ton. Velocidad: 12.5 nudos Dimensiones: 69x11.50x4.20
Armamento: 2 ametralladoras de 12,7. Electrónica: 2 radares de navegación
Motores: 1 Wärstilä Nohab 8V25 diesel. 1 hélice. 2.693 bhp
Grupo eléctrico: 600Kw total (2 generadores de 300kva. Wärstilä Scania UD 19L06 S4D)
Autonomía: 4.300 millas a 12 nudos.
Dotación: 24 + 46 pasajeros
Nota: Puede transportar 800 ton, de carga. Posee dos gruas capaces de mover containers.y vehículos

Buque de transporte

(Frederikhavrn Vaerft & Tjork, Dinamarca)

EL AIGH (1972) Nº 405

Desplazamiento: 2.000 Velocidad: 12 nudos Dimensiones: 76.61x12.30x3.47
Armamento: 2 cañones de 20/70 Oerlikon
Equipo electrónico: 2 radares de navegación
Motores: 1 Burmeister & Wain Alpha 10 cilindros. 1 hélice 1.2350 bhp.
Nota: Fue adquirido en 1981 para servir de apoyo logístico en las operaciones a lo largo de la costa del Sahara.


Yate


OUED EDDAHAB (EX - AKHIR) (1981)
sin datos

Dique flotante
Capacidad: 4.500 ton. Dimensiones: 126x28.75

Lancha portuaria
(Arcor. Francia)

AL MAKBAS

Desplazamiento: 11 ton. Velocidad: 17 nudos. Dimensiones: 13x3.80x1.10
Motores: 1 Baudouin 12-F11-Sm diesel. 1 hélice. 426 bhp.

Buque escuela

ESSAOUIRA

Desplazamiento: 60 ton. Sin más datos.

Veleros escuela

AL MASSIRA
BOUJDOUR

Sin datos




SERVICIO DE ADUANAS

Patrulleros costeros clase P-32

ERRAID (18/3/83) Nº 209
ERRACEL (15/4/88) Nº 210
EL KACED (16/6/88) Nº 211
ESSAID (4/7/88) Nº 212

Características idénticas a los de la Marina

15 Lanchas Arcor – 55

Desplazamiento: 17 ton. Velocidad: 30 nudos. Dimensiones: 16.90x4x1.25
Armamento: 1 ametralladora de 7,62. Electrónica: 1 radar de navegación FURUNO
Motores: 2 Saab Scania DSI-14 Diesel. 2 hélices 1.250 bhp
Autonomía: 300 millas a 20 nudos. Dotación: 4

18 lanchas Arcor-46


D 01 a D 18

Desplazamiento: 12.3 Ton. velocidad: 33 nudos Dimensiones: 14.50x4x1.25
Armamento: 2 ametralladoras de 12.7 Equipo electrónico: 1 radar de navegación FURUNO 701
Motores: 2 UNI UDV 8M5 diesel. dos hélices. 1.120 bhp. Autonomía: 300 millas a 20 nudos.
Dotación: 6



Lanchas S.A.R.

(Schweers. Bardenfleth)

ASSA (1990)
HAOUZ (1990)
TARIQ (1990)

Desplazamiento: 40 ton. Velocidad: 20 nudos Dimensiones: 19.4x4.8x1.3



5 lanchas de servicio Arcor-17

Dimensiones: 5.5x2.2x0.8
Armamento: 1 ametralladora de 7.62

NOTA: la Gendarmería opera quince lanchas Arcor de 16.90 m


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Armada marroquí, por Jane's

Introducción, Fragatas clase Floreal:
Imagen

Corbeta clase Descubierta:
Imagen

Amphibious forces:
Imagen

Logistics, SAR, Coastal patrol:
Imagen

Shipborne aircraft, patrol forces:
Imagen


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Aviación marroquí, por Jane's

Electronic Mission Aircraft:
Imagen

Helicopter Markets and Systems:
Imagen

Air Launched Weapons:
Imagen



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Ejército marroquí, por Jane's:

Armour and Artillery:
Imagen

Land Based Air Defence:
Imagen

Military Vehicles and Logistics:
Imagen

Infantry Weapons:
Imagen


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Radares, guerra electrónica, por Jane's

AN/APQ-122:
Imagen

AN/APS-133:
Imagen

AN/SPS-67:
Imagen

AN/TPS-43:
Imagen

AN/TPS-63:
Imagen

ARBR 17:
Imagen

Cyrano:
Imagen

Dagaie:
Imagen

MSSR:
Imagen

Rasit:
Imagen

Sirocco:
Imagen

WM20:
Imagen

ZW:
Imagen

DA05:
Imagen

TRS 3015 Mars:
Imagen



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Marruecos: Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies

En un post anterior en el que se hablaba de Marruecos y ha sido eliminado para juntar toda la información en este post el compañero forista Esteban decía:


No se si lo conocéis, pero este documento es reciente y está bastante bien http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/balance/Morocco.pdf


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En un post anterior en el que se hablaba de Marruecos y ha sido eliminado para juntar toda la información en este post el compañero forista Kilo009 decía:

Un periódico marroquí dice que esperan la llegada de Moscú de material militar, concretamente los Tunguska ¿han llegado ya o son nuevas baterías?:

http://www.liberation.press.ma/default.asp?id=15250

Por otro lado los marroquíes lanzarán un satélite (¿qué tipo?) mediante un cohete ruso. El satélite se llama: Zarka Al Yamama. Creo que será meteorológico...

http://www.lopinion.ma/spip.php?article13273



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Jane's Sentinel: Morocco

De aquí os podeis bajar un documento de la sección Jane's Sentinel sobre Marruecos:

http://www.aeronautics.ru/archive/pdf/pubs/morocco.zip

Es un archivo ZIP, ocupa 1.275 Kb, y una vez descomprimido es un archivo Adobe PDF de 85 páginas.

Sentinel es una publicación de Jane's en el que en un documento se recoge mucha información sobre un pais. Se cubren los aspector militares, geográficos, política de defensa, demográficos, seguridad interior, amenazas, futuro, etc de cada pais.


Mas archivos de Sentinel y de Jane's en general:

http://www.aeronautics.ru/archive/pdf/pubs/zip_index.htm

Un saludo,
KS

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World Navies Today: Morocco

http://www.hazegray.org/worldnav/africa/morocco.htm

World Navies Today es probablemente la mejor web de referencia sobre Armadas del mundo.

Un saludo,
KS

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Satélite marroquí MAROC-TUBSAT (Zarkaa al Yamama)

_________________________________________________________

MAGHREB ECONOMIC NEWSLETTER
N° 429, December 10th to December 14th, 2001

First Moroccan satellite launched by Russia
The first-ever Moroccan satellite was placed into orbit on December 10th by a Zenith-2 Russian satellite launcher that took off from the Baikonour Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The satellite has been placed in a low circular orbit at an altitude of 1000 km, and will carry out ground observations, data collection, and geographic localization.

www.menafn.com/updates/research_center/ ... 141201.doc

_________________________________________________________

Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies
Satellite Technology in the Middle East

Morocco launched a research satellite named Zarkaa al Yamama in 2001. This satellite, weighing forty-two kilograms, was developed as part of a University of Berlin project called TUBSAT. The Moroccan satellite is of a series of satellites developed in cooperation with various countries.

http://www.tau.ac.il/jcss/sa/v7n1p5Sha.html

_________________________________________________________

TUBSAT project homepage
http://www.ilr.tu-berlin.de/RFA/

http://www.ilr.tu-berlin.de/RFA/index.htm

MAROC-TUBSAT was launched at December 2001.

MAROC-TUBSAT:
•- 10.12.2001 Zenit
•- SSO, 98° inclination
-• 32x34x36,2 cm, 47 kg
•- Technology Demonstrators
•- Earth Observation
•- Attitude Control Experiments
•- still in operation

Imagen del satélite MAROC-TUBSAT:
Imagen

Imagen



Imágenes tomadas por el MAROC-TUBSAT:
http://www.ilr.tu-berlin.de/RFA/archive_date.htm

Imagen de Abhu Dhabi y Dubai tomada por el MAROC-TUBSAT, 24.8°N, 54,7°E:
Imagen

Imagen de Hamburg, Lübeck, Kiel, Bremen, Sylt tomada por el MAROC-TUBSAT:

Imagen


_________________________________________________________

Space and Tech

Maroc-Tubsat - Summary


* Overall dimensions (without antennas) 320 x 340 x 362 [mm]
* Power:
o 4 Solar Panels, 320 x 320 mm, 34 cells in series, max. 14 W each
o 4 NiH2 Batteries, 10V nominal voltage, 12 Ah
o PCU for power control, conditioning and distribution
o electronic fuses and latch-up protection

* Communication
o TTC1 in UHF, Modulation FFSK, 1200/2400 Baud, 3.5 W RF output
o TTC2 in VHF, Modulation FFSK, 1200/2400 Baud, 5.0 W RF output
o CRC and FEC check

* Data handling and processing
o OBDH with 256 kB static RAM, 128 kB EEProm, 64kB ROM
o Model Calculator with 512 kB RAM, 256 kB EEprom, 64kB ROM
o SEU protection

* Attitude Control System
o 3 Wheel / Gyro couples in orthogonal axes
o Star Sensor for 3 axes inertial attitude determination
o 3 axes magnetic field sensor
o magnetic coil in X axes
o single solar cells for sun determination (emergency/coarse mode)

* S-Band Transmitter with patch antenna
o Modulation BPSK, FEC, max 250 kBaud, 2.0 W RF output

* Camera
o CCD Matrix Array, 770 x 576 Pixel, Pixelsize 32.5 µm
o optics: focal length 72 mm, f/number 6
o FOV ca. 8 °
o filter for near infrared
o nominal integration time 28 ms
o digital resolution 12 Bit

* Payload data handling
o Frame Data Handling System

* Messaging system for store and forward communication

Maroc-Tubsat

SPACECRAFT
Int'l Designation

Launched
Owner / Sponsor Royal Center for Remote Sensing (Morocco)
Mission Technology
Satellite Bus Technical University of Berlin Tubsat C
Launch Mass 45 kg (99 lbm)
Mission Orbit SSO

°
Design Life
Power (EOL)

LAUNCH
Launch Vehicle Model Zenit 2
Launch Date / Time 2001 December 10

17:19
Co-Passenger(s) Meteor 3M-N1
Badr B
KOMPASS
Reflektor

http://www.spaceandtech.com/spacedata/l ... mpub.shtml

_________________________________________________________

King Mohammed receives staff that supervised launching of Moroccan satellite
Morocco, Local, 1/12/2002

Morocco's King Mohammed VI received on Friday the team of the royal center of space remote-sensing that supervised the assembling and launching of the first Moroccan Maroc-Tubsat satellite.

The first Moroccan satellite, successfully launched on December 10 with the assistance of the Russian rocket Zenit-2, was named "Zarkae Al Yamama" by the late King Hassan II. Later on King Mohammed VI personally followed up all the stages of the project.

The satellite will have four missions, namely earth observation, message conveyance, data collection and spotting.

The satellite was fully developed by Moroccan searchers who supervised the construction, assembling and integration of all sub-systems and the tests were conducted in partnership with the technical university of Berlin.

The satellite, launched from the Baikonour cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, evolves on a low circular orbit at a 1000 Km altitude, and makes every day fourteen rotations around the earth, including four over Morocco.

http://www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/D ... 11221.html

_________________________________________________________


Signals from MAROC-TUBSAT
Sven Grahn

On 23 January 2002, the word spread around the world about an "intruder" on the 144-146 MHz amateur band. Space listener's quickly identified the satellite as MAROC-TUBSAT, launched 10 December from Baikonur in Kazakhstan on a Zenit-2 rocket. The satellite has the international designation 2001-56D and is in an orbit with an inclination of 99.6 degrees, a period of 105.2 minutes and an altitude between 986.8 and 1015.5 km.

The signal
I easily picked up the signals from MAROC-TUBSAT on 23 January 2002 at 1956.45-2012.15 UT. The signal is on for 30 seconds and off for 30 seconds. The signal is narrow-band FM with an audio tone (1172 Hz) keyed on/off to represent Morse code characters (see image below map). (Listen here, RealMedia file 68 kB). The S-meter on my Icom R-100 went to full scale deflection! Here is a map of the pass near Sweden.

The message from the satellite
The message reads VVV DE CN/ZARKAA AL YAMAMA.

The CN is the ITU prefix for Morocco as many have noted. This makes sense since the satellite was built for the Royal Centre for Remote Sensing in Morocco by the Technical University of Berlin. I have visited the control centre for the satellite in the capital Rabat a couple of years ago. It is a very nice facility. Concerning the words "Zarkaa Al Yamama", an Arabian-speaking friend of mine says that this a woman's name . It could also be a name of a boat, a ship or a monument. But mainly this is a woman's name. So, maybe this is the name of the satellite!

I received more information from the AMSAT Bulletin board via Jeff Brower:


* Luc Leblanc VE2DWE stated: First: I'ts in Arabic and "Zarkaa al Yamama" mean THE BLUE DOVE referring to a women in the Muslim Islamic religion who was a nonbeliever and due to an event in her life convert to the Islamic religion. A lot of Arabic names streets, cities, building... as Ramon says are named to honor her name. There is also a famous battle in year 633 the YAMAMA battle who is probably connected to this. But my Arabic studies ends here.
* Dave Page stated: Zarkaa El-Yamama is an Arab woman thought to have the incredible ability to see friends and foes from miles away. (Read more).

I think the name makes sense when you think of the fact that the satellite is a remote sensing satellite!

The frequencies used
Originally, Morocco filed the following frequencies with the ITU.

143.625 MHz (same as voice from ISS and Mir!!)
436.075 MHz
2208.0 MHz


I really listened hard for signals on the two lower frequencies soon after launch but heard nothing. Has anyone heard it on those frequencies?

The presently used frequency appears to be a violation of international agreements on how to use the 144-146 MHz radio amateur band (the so-called 2 meter band). The OSCAR satellite sub-band is 145.8-146.0 MHz. Morocco is an IARU member (International Amateur Radio Union) and should be well aware of this. 2-m band planning gives 144.05-144.10 for general CW and weak signals and 144.10-144.20 for Earth-Moon-Earth transmissions and weak signal Single Side Band (SSB) communications.

http://www.svengrahn.pp.se/trackind/mar ... octub.html


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Mas info sobre capacidades marroquíes en satélites


_________________________________________________________

New headquarters of remote sensing center dedicated in Rabat
Morocco, Science, 12/19/2001

Morocco's King Mohammed VI dedicated last Saturday the new headquarters of the royal space remote sensing center (CRTS).

The sovereign toured the center departments, including the audio-visual department that is endowed with state-of-the-art equipment in matters of photography, digital television and recording.

The sovereign was greeted by several officials as well as by the team of searchers who supervised the development and launching of the Moroccan first satellite.

The center, set up in 1989, is a state institution that seeks to promote and coordinate activities in matters of remote sensing at the national scale. It collects and distributes satellite data, assists users and contributes to promoting training and research in the field.

The center has carried out several projects integrating remote sensing in matters of natural resources assessment and management, environment protection and land planning.

http://www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/D ... 21903.html

_________________________________________________________

Afridigital

Telecommunications:
Morocco currently operates three satellite stations providing national and international circuits (the Mohammed V station at Rabat, a station at Laayoune and another one at Dakhla).

http://www.afridigital.net/country_profile.php?id=13

_________________________________________________________

EU and Morocco reach agreement on Galileo


Brussels, 8 November 2005
EU and Morocco reach agreement on Galileo

The European Union has reached agreement with the Kingdom of Morocco on its participation in the GALILEO programme. This agreement was initialled in Brussels today by Mr. Heinz Hilbrecht, Director at the European Commission, and S. E. M. Alem Menouar, Ambassador of Morocco to the European Union. The agreement will cover industrial and scientific cooperation and the development of specific GALILEO applications for Morocco and its region (the western Mediterranean and West Africa). Vice-President Jacques Barrot in charge of EU Transport policy said: “I welcome today’s agreement. Morocco is the first African country to join the Galileo project”.

Intensive exchanges took place since formal negotiations started on 21 April 2005. The agreement reached today lays the basis for Morocco’s active participation in the programme and creates a framework for cooperation. It also represents a great opportunity for Galileo to become established in the western Mediterranean region. The agreement will be submitted to the next meeting of the EU Transport Council meeting in December 2005 for formal approval by the EU Member States.

Morocco is the fifth country joining the Galileo programme, after the conclusion of the agreements with China, Israel, Ukraine and India. Discussions are also under way with Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Norway, Chile, South Korea, Malaysia, Canada and Australia.

The ever growing interest of third countries to participate in the GALILEO programme represents a big boost for the GNSS market, which has indeed considerable potential: 3 billion receivers and revenues of some €275 billion per year by 2020 worldwide, and the creation of more than 150.000 highly qualified jobs in Europe alone.

Background

GALILEO is Europe's satellite radio navigation programme. It was launched at the initiative of the European Commission and developed jointly with the European Space Agency (ESA). It heralds the advent of a technological revolution similar to the one sparked off by mobile phones. It will also make for the development of a new generation of universal services in areas such as transport, telecommunication, agriculture and fisheries. To date, this technology, which promises to be highly profitable, is mastered only by the United States’ GPS system and Russia's GLONASS system, both of which are financed and controlled by the military authorities. The GALILEO programme will be administered and controlled by civilians and guarantees quality and continuity, which is essential for many sensitive applications. Its complementarity with current systems will increase the reliability and availability of navigation and positioning services worldwide.


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T-72 marroquíes

Obtenido de Tanknet

http://63.99.108.76/forums/index.php?showtopic=15755&hl=moroccan

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By the way, T-72B were modernized by the Belarussian tank-repairing plant No. 140 in Borisov before shipment to Morocco in 2001. They have new FCS of the Belarussian company OAO “Peleng”. Reputedly it is 3 times more effective than the basic Soviet FCS.

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That's vanilla T-72B (so with Kontakt-1 ERA) from Belorrusian Army. So full standard.

Yes indeed they were refurbished at Borisov (the only place in Belarus to refurbish tanks at capital level :D ) and the contract was worth some 10-12 million US$ accord to some sources.

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Foro marroquí sobre sus fuerzas armadas:

Royal Moroccan Armed Forces Forum:
http://rmaf.forumactif.com/index.forum?sid=2628c252f1d1e1bfc0f661d9045aad75

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Un lugar donde se puede encontrar mucha información, especialmente fotografías.

Ellos nos leen, ¿por qué no les ibamos a leer nosotros?

Un saludo,
KS

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Marina Real Marroquí en Fotosdebarcos.com

Estupendas fotos e información sobre la Marina Real Marroquí.

http://fotosdebarcos.com/viewforum.php?f=52

Un saludo,
KS


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Escrito por Xavanté:

El ORBAT este que hay aqui esta muy, muy anticuado. La revista FAM lo copio de estimaciones de allá por el año 1984-5 y lo dió por bueno. Lastima que se dediquen a copiar en vez de a investigar de verdad. Si uno se fija, faltan las provincias del sur, así como la zona occidental de Marruecos. Y por supuesto obvia la gran cantidad de nuevas unidades que hay: 6ª Brigada Real Blindada, 9ª Brigada Real mecanizada, etc, etc, etc. asi como las unidades transformadas, por ejemplo, varios de los BIS convertidos en BIM (Motorizados), así como los nuevos batallones BSF.



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France to Upgrade Moroccan Mirage F-1 Fleet
2 May 2006

Morocco has awarded France a contract worth around EUR350 million (USD420 million) to overhaul the Moroccan Air Force's fleet of 27 French Mirage F-1CH/EH fighter aircraft.

The contract covers the overhaul of airframes and engines, as well as upgrade of the avionics suite. The aircraft will be fitted with RC400 multi-target radar: a derivative of its RDY radar. The package also includes MICA air-to-air missiles as well as Sagem's new AASM bomb kit.

The prime contractor is Astrac (Association Sagem Thales pour la Rénovation d'Avions de Combat), a joint venture between Thales and Sagem. Subcontractors will include Dassault and Snecma Moteurs.

The aircraft were delivered by Dassault Aviation in the late 1980s. Up to half the fleet have been grounded since. Morocco decided to refurbish the aircraft instead of buying surplus F-16s.

Source: Jane's Defence Weekly

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Radar Thales RC400:

AIR-TO-AIR FUNCTION
• Very long range, all aspect, look-up/ look-down detection
• Automatic management of waveforms and antenna scanning
• Multitarget automatic lock-on and TWS
• Raid assessment
• Simultaneous multi-target fire control
• Single Target Track (STT)
• Combat modes
• IFF interrogator capability
• Advanced ECCM

AIR-TO-GROUND FUNCTION
RC 400 provides all the modes required for day and night, all weather operations:
• Ground Mapping
• High resolution Mapping Spotlight SAR (picture)
• Terrain Avoidance
• Moving Target Indication and Tracking
• Air-to-ground Ranging

AIR-TO-SEA FUNCTION
RC 400 provides all the modes required for BVR attack of surface ships:
• Long range detection
• Multitarget TWS
• Target RCS assessment
• STT
• ISAR mode (option)


http://www.thalesgroup.com/all/pdf/rc400.pdf

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MICA


The MBDA MICA (Missile d'Interception et de Combat Aérien, "Interception and Air Combat Missile") is an anti-air multi-target, all weather, fire-and-forget missile system. It is intended for use both by air platforms, ground units and ships. The, which are equipped with the rapid fire MICA Vertical Launch System. It is fitted with a thrust vector control (TVC) system.

It was developed from 1982 onward by Matra. The first trials occurred in 1991, and the missile was commissioned in 1996 to equip the Rafale and Mirage 2000. It is a replacement for both Super 530 (interception) and Magic II (dogfight). Two can be fired in a 2-second interval.

Two seeker types are available for the MICA, one with active radar homing (MICA RF, also commonly called MICA AR) and the other with infrared homing (MICA IR). Both missiles are able to filter out counter-measures. They can also lock on both before and after launch.

Function air-to-air missile
Manufacturer MBDA
Entered service 1996 (MICA RF) and 2000 (MICA IR)
Engine One SNPE solid-propellant rocket motor
Launch mass 112 kg
Length 3.1 m
Diameter 160 mm
Wingspan 560 mm
Speed Mach 4
Range < 500 m, up to 80 km
Flying altitude up to 11000 m
Warhead 12 kg focused splinters HE warhead
Guidance Inertial guidance
Active radar homing (MICA RF)
Infrared homing (MICA IR)
Fuzes RF proximity fuze, impact fuze
Launch platform Dassault Rafale, Mirage 2000


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MBDA_MICA


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Marruecos suprime el servicio militar obligatorio

Actualizado viernes 01/09/2006 11:26 (CET)

EFE

RABAT.- El Gobierno marroquí ha aprobado un decreto que suprime el servicio militar obligatorio con efecto inmediato, informó el ministro de Comunicación y portavoz del ejecutivo, Nabil Benabdelá.

El Gobierno aprobó este decreto siguiendo las instrucciones en tal sentido del rey Mohamed VI, que es el jefe supremo y jefe de Estado Mayor general de las Fuerzas Armadas Reales, según el portavoz gubernamental marroquí.

Benabdelá subrayó que esta decisión no tiene "ninguna relación" con los "últimos acontecimientos" —el desmantelamiento de una célula terrorista en la que supuestamente estaban implicados cinco militares— sino que era una medida "completamente normal" y similar a la que han adoptado otros muchos países.

Hasta ahora, los jóvenes marroquíes tenían que realizar a partir de los 20 años un servicio militar obligatorio de 12 meses de duración.

Los estudiantes y los jóvenes que tenían familiares a su cargo estaban sin embargo exentos del servicio militar obligatorio.

El último contingente que realizará a lo largo del presente año el servicio militar obligatorio está formado por 5.420 reclutas.

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Fotos de una exhibición de blindados marroquíes:

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En la web del compañero forista Esteban, Blimdanet, hay una sección en la que se guardan las imágenes de vehículos de las Fuerzas Armadas Reales marroquíes durante una jornada de puertas abiertas.

Hummer
T-26
M-60
Artillería ATP y remolcada
Armamento ligero
Mirage F-1
....


http://www.blimdanet.com/maroc/index.htm


Otro estupendo trabajo de Esteban.

Un saludo,
KS

KS

Mensaje por KS » Dom Ene 14, 2007 8:13 pm

African Lion 1998

African Lion is a 173d Airborne Brigade exercise held every two years in Morocco. The Moroccan and American leaders joined forces to defeat a simulated enemy on a computerized battlefield. The sophisticated simulation equipment, known as the Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation Systems, allowed military leaders to simulate a battle using terrain from any where in the world. A series of networked laptop computers at each station act as a company headquarters in the field.

Soldiers from the Vicenza, Italy-based U.S. Army Southern European Task Force's Infantry Brigade and 2nd Moroccan Parachute Infantry Brigade overcame language barriers and operational differences to battle enemy forces during African Lion '98, a computer assisted exercise held Dec. 1-8, in Ben Guerir, Morocco.

As U.S. Army Europe's only conventional airborne force, the SETAF Infantry Brigade (Lion Brigade) was tasked with giving its expertise in planning a military operation to leaders of the Moroccan Parachute Brigade. This step-by-step procedure, known as the Military Decision Making Process, helped the two countries understand each other's doctrine, operating methods, techniques and procedures. The MDMP is the procedure the staff and commander go through to develop an operational plan.

In the Lion Brigade's case, the plan called for a coalition force of SETAF and Moroccan paratroopers to recapture an oil refinery seized by enemy forces, defend it against any counterattacks and assist other allied units in defeating enemy forces. With the help of translators from the 415th Military Intelligence Battalion, Louisiana U.S. Army National Guard, leaders from the two units' staffs got down to business. The plan they developed took several days worth of briefings, face-to-face meetings and behind-the-scenes conversations.

The exercise culminated with a three-hour-long computer-driven battle between the U.S.-Moroccan coalition and enemy forces. Officers worked side-by-side to chart the battle. Enlisted radio transmission operators relayed information in English and French. The buzz of activity in the joint tactical operations center approached that of an actual battle. The scenario was played out on computers from SETAF's deployable Battlefield Simulation Center, which regulated everything from enemy attacks to weather and unit proficiency. They deployed 16 work stations which can simulate all aspects of the battle, from brigade down to the individual soldier. Using computers saves time, money and the number of soldiers needed to run an exercise. The staff's reports and procedures are also the same during a computer-run exercise as they are during an exercise with troops.

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/african-lion.htm

_____________________________

African Lion 2005

African Lion storms the Moroccan Desert

Marine Corps News

Story Identification #: 2005422144415
Story by Lance Cpl. Adam Tustin

TAN TAN, Morocco (April 14, 2005) -- More than 60 years after America and allied forces waged large-scale tank battles in Northern Africa during World War II, American ordnance once again exploded over the hot sands of the African Desert.

Marines from 2nd Battalion, 23rd Marine Regiment, 4th Marine Division, teamed up with members of D Company, 4th Light Armored Reconnaissance Bn., 4th Marine Division, to simulate open desert warfare during their annual training exercise here April 6.

The combined arms exercise began when LAR, with the aid of Moroccan ground forces, laid down a base of fire as the 2/23 Combined Anti-Armor Team set up to simulate engagements with hard targets like enemy tanks and other armored vehicles. After CAAT cleared the area, Weapons Co. and G Co. moved in to clear the area.

Sgt. James M. Lesky, a master gunner with D. Co., 4th LAR, said his unit’s mission is clearing the way for the rest of the assaulting force.

“We offer both the heavier firepower of the 25 mm chain gun, as well as speed and mobility,” said Lesky. “We provide a base of fire for the infantry so they can go ahead and envelope the target area.”

After LAR provided a base of fire, CAAT moved in with tube-launched, optically-tracked, wire-guided missiles, or “TOW” missiles.

“(Light Armored Vehicles) still have the threat of tanks and other heavy armor,” said Staff Sgt. Jose Marquez, CAAT Platoon Commander. “But with the TOW missile, we have a greater range than most tanks do. We can have a better stand off range and engage the targets from a greater distance.”

The remote location of the exercise enabled Marines to practice firing missiles and heavy machine guns. Inspector-Instructor for Weapons Company, 2/23, Maj. Marcus W. Williams, said the range practice was an important aspect of the training.

“Our Marines got a lot of practice setting up and using field ranges during African Lion,” said Williams.

After the TOWs had done their damage, Marines from G Co. and Weapons Company unloaded from 5-ton trucks to secure the area.

Capt. Derrick Sun, Golf Co. Platoon Commander, said his Marine’s job was to take out enemy infantry to protect the assault force vehicles.

“Our job is to dismount, close with and destroy the enemy to protect LAR, the CAAT platoon and the rest of the convoy.”

Gunnery Sgt. Patrick F. Llamas, platoon commander for the scout snipers of 2/23 said strengthening relations with the Moroccans was one of the key missions of African Lion.

“It’s a good opportunity to for us as Marines to build up a stronger bond with Morocco and other friendly Muslim countries,” said Llamas. “It was important for American forces to become familiar with the cultures of foreign countries.”

“Overall African Lion was a great success,” said Williams. “This was one of the most enjoyable training evolutions I’ve ever experienced.”


__________________________________________

African Lion 2006

U.S. Military and equipment arrives in Morocco for Exercise African Lion 06

May 17, 2006; Submitted on: 23/05/2006 07:51:49 ; Story ID#: 200652375149

By Sgt. Adrianne Rigez, Marine Forces Europe


AGADIR, Morocco (May 17, 2006) -- Approximately 550 U.S. military personnel are arriving at the Cap Draa Training Area near Tan Tan, Morocco to take part in exercise African Lion 06.

This regularly scheduled, combined U.S.-Moroccan military exercise is designed to promote improved interoperability and mutual understanding of each nation’s tactics, techniques and procedures as well as foster relationships.

It’s been more than 60 years since American tanks have set tracks on North African soil. The last time was during Operation Torch when the United States helped push the Nazi regime out of Africa and back into Europe during the early battles of WWII. Since then, the North African country of Morocco has prospered to include claiming its independence from France.

In fact, offloading of the vehicles and equipment comes three days after the country celebrated its 50th Independence Day. The U.S. DoD ship Cape Decision, from Norfolk, Va., arrived in the tourist city of Agadir, Morocco, May 17 carrying four U.S. Marine M-1A1 Main Battle Tanks and a variety of other vehicles and equipment.

The tanks, from Company E, 4th Tank Battalion based in Fort Knox, Ky., as well as a convoy of other Marine vehicles to include Humvees and Light Armored Vehicles will play a key role during the exercise as U.S. and Moroccan militaries joint together and conduct various types of live-fire and combined-arms training.

As U.S. Marines, sailors and airmen continue to arrive this week from various reserve units in the U.S. to take part in African Lion 06. However, for some the exercise has already begun. Exercises like this are the result of lengthy and detailed cooperation between governments and their various agencies.

“It takes a lot just to get this ship unloaded,” said Army Lieutenant Col. Neil Glad, who works in the Office of Defense Operation at the U.S. Embassy in Rabat, Morocco. “It’s more than just the maneuver and the rounds downrange; it’s about the relationships that are made beginning here.”

Relationships will also be fostered through humanitarian efforts taking place concurrent with the training. A group of U.S. Air Force Reserve Command personnel will provide limited medical and dental examinations and treatment to Moroccans in the vicinity of Guelmim. This assistance will improve lives, relieve human suffering as well as build on the relationship between U.S. and Moroccan people.

African Lion has become and annual exercise and is scheduled to conclude May 31.


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Personajes importantes de la defensa marroquí:
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Ministro Delegado ante el Primer Ministro encargado de la Administracion de la Defensa Nacional:

Abderrahman Sbai

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Le 13 août 1997, M. Sbai est nommé ministre délégué auprès du Premier ‎ministre chargé de l'Administration de la Défense Nationale.‎

Le 6 septembre 2000, SM le Roi le nomme ministre délégué auprès du ‎Premier ministre, chargé de l'Administration de la Défense nationale dans ‎le gouvernement présidé par M. Abderrahmane Youssoufi.‎

M. Sbai a été décoré du Ouissam Arrida de classe exceptionnelle (en ‎‎1980), du Ouissam Al Arch, grade de Chevalier (en 1985) et du Ouissam Al ‎Arch, grade d'Officier (en 1990).




http://www.mincom.gov.ma/french/minister/biographies/AbderrahmaneSbai.htm

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Inspector general de las Fuerzas Armadas Reales:

Abdelhak Kadiri

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Su biografía:
http://www.maroc-hebdo.press.ma/MHinternet/Archives_616/html_616/lettres.html



General Abdelhak Kadiri condecorado con la Gran Cruz del Mérito Naval española:
REAL DECRETO 1640/2000, de 15 de septiembre, por el que se concede la Gran Cruz del Mérito Naval, con distintivo blanco, al General del Ejército del Reino de Marruecos, señor Abdelhak Kadiri.

En atención a los méritos y circunstancias que concurren en el General del Reino de Marruecos, señor Abdelhak Kadiri,

Vengo en concederle la Gran Cruz del Mérito Naval con distintivo blanco.

Dado en Madrid a 15 de septiembre de 2000.

JUAN CARLOS R.

El Ministro de Defensa,
FEDERICO TRILLO-FIGUEROA Y MARTÍNEZ-CONDE





Un saludo,
KS

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Fotografías de armamento marroquí en Militaryphotos:

Gracias al forista "shinnemesis" que ha hecho una estupenda recolección, y al forista Lagardere que ha levantado la liebre en el foro FAS.

http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?t=101169

Un saludo,
KS

kilo009
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Mensaje por kilo009 » Mar Ene 23, 2007 1:06 pm

Información (La Razón) sobre islamistas en las FARM, papel del grupo dirigido desde Suecia por el ex oficial del Ejército marroquí, Ahmed Rami:

-El antiguo teniente, que participó en los dos intentos de golpe de Estado militar contra Hasan II en 1971 y 1972, ha formado en Estocolmo un grupo islamista que dispone de una emisora de radio (Radio Islam) y páginas web en Internet y cuya intención es penetrar en la estructura militar marroquí.

-La seguridad alauí lleva varios meses investigando las conexiones entre la nebulosa del yihadismo salafista marroquí y el movimiento creado por Ahmed Rami. Desde hace años Rabat pide a las autoridades de Estocolmo la extradicción de Rami, que ya tiene nacionalidad sueca y goza de refugio político en el país. Además de Sufri, la Policía pretendía detener a Osman Jamlichi, otro marroquí emigrado y que también reside en el país escandinavo, pero éste se dio a la fuga.

-la existencia de una estructura logística y de actuación que sólo es posible con el apoyo de personajes que actúan en los meandros de los servicios policiales, de la seguridad y de la Administración. Rabat además está convencido de que existen conexiones entre el yihadismo salafista y el narcotráfico.
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Esteban
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Mensaje por Esteban » Mar Ene 23, 2007 2:25 pm

Esta es la web del exteniente Rahmi. Es una veterana web de las primeras en publicar fotos de los carros de combate de las FAR, dado que este individuo estuvo destinado en una unidad de carros.

http://www.rami.tv/

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La necesidad permite lo prohibido.

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