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Publicado: 18 Mar 2008 22:41
por Esteban
Reorganización de al Qaeda en Yemen

Cortesía de la Fundación Jamestown.

Al-Qaeda in Yemen Reorganizes under Nasir al-Wahayshi

The man most responsible for the growing strength of al-Qaeda in Yemen is a 32-year-old former secretary of Osama bin Laden named Nasir al-Wahayshi. He took over the leadership of the group when it had all but been eliminated, and has slowly, over the past two years, resurrected al-Qaeda in Yemen.

The publication of the second issue of Sada al-Malahim (The Echo of Battles) on March 13 illustrates the degree to which al-Qaeda has reconstituted and reorganized itself in Yemen. The most recent issue of the online journal was released exactly two months after the first issue was posted on various websites and devoted blogs. But already there have been significant changes to the journal. No longer is it published by al-Qaeda in Yemen, but rather by “the al-Qaeda Organization of Jihad in the South of the Arabian Peninsula.”

There is also a certainty of tone and authority to the second issue that was lacking in the first. For example, the journal denied that a January interview between a local Yemeni paper and an individual claiming to be al-Qaeda in Yemen’s Information Officer was legitimate. “We say that we are the al-Qaeda organization of Jihad in the South of the Arabian Peninsula, and that the callers are ignorant of the situation and have no relationship with the organization.” All of this speaks to an increasingly centralized leadership within the group’s ranks in Yemen.

In November 2002, the organization lost its leader, Abu Ali al-Harithi, in a CIA attack. A year later, al-Qaeda in Yemen seemed defunct after the capture of al-Harithi’s replacement, Muhammad Hamdi al-Ahdal. Coincidentally, it was at this time, when al-Qaeda in Yemen reached bottom in November 2003, that al-Wahayshi was returned to Yemen as part of an extradition agreement with Iran (al-Ghad, June 25, 2007). Concentrated efforts by the U.S. and Yemeni governments, various alternative programs, and the lure of the war in Iraq all contributed to more than two years of relative calm in Yemen. But all that changed in February 2006, when al-Wahayshi and 22 other prisoners escaped from a political security prison in San‘a (Reuters, February 15, 2006). The escape marked the beginning of the second phase in the war against al-Qaeda in Yemen.

Along with his most trusted lieutenant, Qasim al-Raymi—also known by the kunya (honorific or war-name) of Abu Hurayrah al-San‘ani—al-Wahayshi has completely rebuilt the organization, which is much more ordered now than it was under al-Harithi in 2002. The initial process of rebuilding was slow and it is unclear whether al-Wahayshi was commanding the group’s operations before he was officially announced as al-Qaeda in Yemen’s leader in June 2007 (al-Wasat, June 27, 2007); but since then he has consolidated control of the group, and now appears to be firmly in command.

Al-Wahayshi authored a lengthy narrative detailing the prison break, which, in the absence of any official descriptions, has served as the most widely accepted version of the escape (republished by al-Ghad, June 25, 2007 and July 7, 2007). Al-Wahayshi, who is known by the kunya Abu Basir, also eulogized Abu Layth al-Libi, the al-Qaeda commander who was killed in late January in Pakistan, in the most recent issue of Sada al-Malahim. Part of this eulogy may help to explain why al-Wahayshi was selected as the group’s leader in 2007. Early in his statement he lists a series of al-Qaeda figures who have been killed including men such as Abu Hafs, Abu Abaydah, and Abu Ali al-Harithi; implicit in this is not only his duty to speak about al-Libi as the group’s commander, but also his connection to these early al-Qaeda figures through his time at bin Laden’s side in Afghanistan.

It is unclear exactly when during the 1990s al-Wahayshi left his home in the southern governorate of al-Baydah to travel to Afghanistan, where he eventually became one of bin Laden’s secretaries. But al-Wahayshi has certainly played up his personal links to bin Laden, which appear to have impressed the relatively young men who now constitute al-Qaeda in Yemen’s second generation. This personal connection to the early figures of al-Qaeda in the late 1990s seems to have acted as implicit endorsement of his qualifications as a leader. It could be said that his authority has been certified by his association with the first generation of al-Qaeda.

Following the U.S. attack on the Taliban and al-Qaeda in Afghanistan in late 2001, al-Wahayshi escaped across the border to Iran where he was arrested. He was later extradited back to Yemen along with eight other Yemenis in November 2003. Yemen never officially brought charges against him, but he remained in prison until his escape in February 2006. The years in Iranian and Yemeni prisons seem to have hardened him. He has complained of torture in Yemeni prisons, and threatened to repay those who torture his comrades with death (al-Ghad, June 25, 2007; News Yemen, July 2, 2007). Al-Wahayshi has also accused older members of al-Qaeda of making deals with the Yemeni government. This no-holds-barred approach is a relatively new one in Yemen, where negotiation and compromise are much more common methods. The underlying philosophy that al-Wahayshi has instituted among his followers in Yemen is articulated in the most recent issue of Sada al-Malahim: “Jihad is a religious duty that God has made incumbent.” This type of reasoning leaves no room for negotiation, and this is exactly the stance that al-Qaeda in Yemen under al-Wahayshi has adopted. Under his leadership, al-Qaeda in Yemen has become more strident, better organized and more ambitious than it has ever been before.

Gregory D. Johnsen, a former Fulbright Fellow in Yemen, is currently a Ph.D. candidate in Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University.

Publicado: 18 Mar 2008 23:19
por Pelayo70
Prueba evidente de la actividad de AQ-Y es esta noticia, recién publicada en El Mundo.

Un muerto y siete heridos en un ataque cerca de la embajada de EEUU en Saná
Actualizado martes 18/03/2008 12:13 (CET)
SANÁ.- Un agente de la policía yemení murió y siete personas resultaron heridas por la explosión de dos bombas cerca de la embajada de Estados Unidos en la capital yemení, Saná, informaron fuentes policiales.

El ataque ocurrió en el barrio Shawan, en el este de Saná, cuando desconocidos arrojaron dos artefactos explosivos contra un colegio vecino del edificio de la embajada, lo que causó la muerte de uno de los guardias de la legación diplomática y heridas a otros tres policías y a cuatro alumnas.

Investigaciones preliminares sugieren que los responsables del atentado podrían ser militantes islamistas.

Testigos informan de que la explosión se produjo a primera hora de la mañana, antes de que los empleados llegaran al trabajo.

En los últimos años se han producido varios ataques en Yemen contra intereses turísticos, instalaciones petrolíferas y barcos estadounidenses y franceses.

El gobierno yemení es un aliado de EEUU en la lucha contra el terrorismo.

Publicado: 21 Mar 2008 09:22
por Pelayo70
Bueno, el Yemen Observer ofrece una versión más acorde con la realidad del país. No fue un atentado contra directo contra la Embajada y sí un "ajuste de cuentas" de algunos padres contra un centro escolar. También hay cuestiones tribales por medio.
En ese país, cuando se pasan los efectos del qat, se arreglan las cosas de ese modo. :shock:

Inserto aquí el artículo.

Girls' school adjacent to U.S. Embassy in Sana’a attacked, female principals threatened

Written By: Mohammed al-Kibsi

A policeman was killed and 17 girls injured in a three-mortar assault on the 7th of July girls school adjacent to the U.S. Embassy in Sana’a last Tuesday, March 18 at noon.
Eye witnesses said that three unidentified men riding motorbikes threw three grenades into the yard of the 7th of July girls’ primary and high school near the U.S. Embassy before running away. The witnesses added that U.S. Embassy guards chased the attackers and exchanged fire with them, resulting in and additional death of one of the guards and the injury of three others.
The deputy-principal of the school said that three grenades were thrown into the schoolyard injuring 17 girls, four of them critically. The wounded girls were rushed to the al-Thawra and military hospitals. The school has been closed until further notice.
Preliminary investigations indicated that the assault on the school was a result of problems that had erupted between the principal of the school, Shafia’a al-Seragi, and some of the parents.
The principal of the school had been previously attacked by three men who beat her while she was getting into her car in front of her home last week as she was leaving on her way to school.
She was severely wounded and had required 14 stitches on her head. The police had arrested some suspects but later released them due to lack of evidence.
The principal of the school was not on the school grounds when the most recent attack occurred, as she was home recovering from her previous injuries.
Security forces were deployed around the school and the U.S. Embassy, imposing a curfew on the streets in the area.
A statement from the Ministry of the Interior said that the shells were fired by unidentified attackers in the downtown district of Sawan and wounded five soldiers and 13 school girls. Three of the girls were described as being in serious condition and were being flown to Jordan for treatment. This statement has been updated in light of more up-to-date information was present.
In another release, issued by the American Embassy in Sana’a stated that at approximately 12:40 pm local time, three mortar rounds exploded in the vicinity of the U.S. Embassy compound in Sana'a, Yemen. The statement reported that no U.S. Embassy personnel were injured, but that there were reports of injuries at a girls' school in the neighborhood and to Yemeni security personnel stationed around the Embassy's perimeter. The statement added that the Embassy would be closed for the remainder of the day, March 18, 2008. A spokesperson from the U.S. Embassy said that the embassy would be closed on Wednesday March 19 as well. The road in front of the American Embassy is now completely closed to all traffic, with special restrictions placed on armored vehicles and extra security precautions in effect.
A U.S. forensics team was reportedly brought to the school on Wednesday and collected traces of stone and other remains from the site to verify the source of the attack.
A press officer at the American embassy said that they are cooperation with the Ministry of the Interior to help apprehend the perpetrators.
Some experts believe that the mortar attack was directed at the school, and rule out the theory that the U.S. Embassy was the target. They believe the mortar attack was launched from a building and said the direction of the shells indicated the school was the prime target, not the embassy.
The President of the Republic, Ali Abdullah Saleh, visited the school and the victims of the incident in the military hospital and instructed authorities to rush the critically injured girls to hospitals abroad. He also indicated that aid would be given to the victims’ families.
As the President was briefed on the preliminary investigations of the attack he condemned those behind it and offered rewards to anyone assisting in the investigation.
Meanwhile, the Parliament questioned the Minister of the Interior on Wednesday over the incident, condemning the terrorist attack and calling for the arrest of the perpetrators and for them to be brought to justice. The Shura council in its meeting on Wednesday seconded Parliament’s remarks on the incident.
The Women’s Development Organization also condemned the attack, describing the perpetrators as terrorist murderers that ignore Islam and Islamic values.
The attack was also condemned by several civil society organizations that called for the arrest and punishment of the criminals.
Principals of all girls’ schools in Sana’a staged a sit-in at the 7th of July school on Wednesday, condemning the attack and at the same time condemning the silence of official authorities and the teachers syndicate about the previous attack that targeted 7th of July school principal Shafia’a al-Seragi. Supporters of al-Seragi said that this silence encouraged the terrorists to launch the second brutal attack.
“Any man that beats a woman, whether she is a teacher, a principal or even an ordinary woman is a coward, as are the officials that close their eyes to violence committed against women,” said the principal of al-Nizari girls’ school.
Three principals of girls’ schools, including al-Seragi, have been attacked in the past two weeks. The three attacked principals are believed to be political and social activists that promote girls’ education and the adoption of new educational methods that prohibit violence in schools.
In addition to the beating of Shafia’a al-Seragi by three men, a principal of a school in Hodeidah was beaten by five women from the Islah Islamic party and also received threats of having her house blown up.
A third principal's car was stolen and had its seats and tires stripped. Her house electricity was cut off by unidentified persons at the same time that the other two female principals were attacked.

Publicado: 25 Mar 2008 06:37
por Esteban
Reivindicación de al Qaeda del ataque a la embajada USA
DUBAI (Reuters) - An al Qaeda-linked group has claimed responsibility for a failed mortar attack on the U.S. embassy in Yemen last week that wounded girls at a nearby school and a group of soldiers.

"One of the (mortar rounds) missed its target and fell on a school near the embassy. We ask God to hasten the recovery of the schoolgirls," Yemen Soldiers Brigades said in an Internet statement dated March 21.

"We have previously warned Muslims not to come near government and foreign facilities," added the group, which says it is part of al Qaeda in Yemen, in the statement posted on a Web site often used by al Qaeda.

Yemen said 13 schoolgirls and five soldiers were injured in the "terrorist attack" on Tuesday which Washington said targeted its embassy but had failed.

A Yemeni state newspaper said on Saturday a wanted al Qaeda member had carried out the attack, citing an unidentified security official.

The Brigades last month claimed responsibility for deadly attacks on Spanish and Belgian tourists in the Arabian Peninsula country.

Yemen, the ancestral home of Osama bin Laden, is viewed in the West as a haven for Islamic militants, dozens of whom are jailed for involvement in bombings of Western targets and clashes with authorities.

Yemen, which joined U.S.-led efforts to fight terrorism after the September 11, 2001, attacks on U.S. cities, has also witnessed a number of attacks targeting foreign tourists, oil installations, and U.S. and French ships.

(Reporting by Firouz Sedarat, editing by Mary Gabriel)
SANAA (Thomson Financial) - Al-Qaeda's wing in Yemen has said it targeted the US embassy in Sanaa in an attack that hit a nearby school in the country's capital, a monitoring group said today.

In a statement posted on an Islamist militant website, the group which calls itself Jund Al-Yemen Brigades said it "launched five mortar shells at the American embassy in Sanaa," a reference to a March 18 attack that struck a girls' school near the embassy, the US-based SITE Intelligence Group said.

SITE, which monitors militant websites, said the statement did not give a date for the attack but acknowledged that one shell missed the target and hit the neighbouring school.

A Yemeni security official was quoted by a local newspaper on Saturday as saying that Al-Qaeda was behind the attack.

A schoolgirl and a policeman were killed and 19 people were wounded in the attack which Washington said targeted the US embassy.

[email protected] afp/cmr

Publicado: 03 Abr 2008 00:15
por Pelayo70
Interesantísimo artículo extraido del Yemen Times.

Al-Qaeda in Yemen, a deal gone bad

The Yemeni government is fighting complicated battles on many frontiers: The Houthis in the North, rebellions and secessionists in the South, tribal power struggle and kidnappings in the Midwest and finally Al-Qaeda everywhere.

According to Nasir Al-Bahri, aka Abu Jandal, a former Al-Qaeda member who used to be Bin Laden’s cook, president Saleh cut a deal with Al-Qaeda in Yemen to live and let live. Saleh thought he could close one of the battlefronts this country is facing and ensure that Al-Qaeda would not do any damage inside the country as long as he did not hunt its men down. This explains the escape of 23 Al-Qaeda members from the central political security prison in 2006, and why Jamal Al-Badawi and Jaber Al-Banna are roaming free in the country.

The way Saleh is dealing with this issue is the same way he usually deals with the tribal sheikhs who cause trouble. Unlike president Bush, who “does not negotiate with terrorists” – only makes them – president Saleh cuts deals. When the state “did not negotiate with terrorists” and used force in Abyan in 1998, four tourists were killed because the kidnappers used them as human shields.

Cutting deals was a very effective way back in the seventies when Yemen’s stability was non-existent, and when in fifteen years Yemen had five presidents, of whom two were assassinated, two fled the country, while the fifth remains in power because of his intelligent tactics and diplomacy that allowed him to deal with the tribes and remain in power for three decades.

The problem today is that the old ways do not work any more. With Al-Qaeda the problem is that its decisions and operations are no longer centralized and especially with the growing number of extremists who sympathize with Al-Qaeda yet not necessarily belong to it.

Even Osama bin Laden disapproves of terrorist activities in Yemen. According to political and media analyst Nabil Al-Soufi, bin Laden wants Yemen to be a “breeding and training haven and not an area of combat.”

The problem with tribal sheikhs is that the allowances they used to get from “neighboring countries” have diminished and so they turned inside, hoping to generate more income through extortion and blackmail. What used to be enough four years ago is not sufficient today. And there are more and more tribes finding amusement in kidnapping to apply pressure on the government.

The problem with the Houthis is that they don’t know what they want anymore, and locals have been included in the fight. Many Westerners ask what the Houthi story is, and what their demands are; to be honest, it is not clear any more. Most of the people involved in the struggle have forgotten what they are fighting about. It has become a matter of ego and survival.

And finally, the problem with the secessionists in the south is that there are a few politicians who were cut off during the distribution of power after unification and decided now they want their share of the cake, with interest. They made use of the crumbling security and the multiple fronts the state is fighting on, and decided to add one in order to try and turn the tables around. The sad thing is that they are using people’s frustration and anger at the deteriorating living conditions and are mobilizing masses against the state.

This leads us to the final frontier the Yemeni government chooses to ignore because it is not as visible as the other four. However, it is the most dangerous because social unrest could prove fatal for Yemen, and when that happens cutting deals with the influential few will not help, will it?

Publicado: 07 Abr 2008 00:45
por Loopster
¿Otro ataque de Al Qaeda en Yemen? ¿o más padres descontentos?
SANÁ.- Varios desconocidos han lanzado dos proyectiles de mortero contra un complejo residencial para ciudadanos occidentales en el Barrio Diplomático de Saná, en el suroeste de la capital yemení, sin que se haya informado de víctimas, según indicaron fuentes policiales.

Este ataque es el primero de este tipo en Saná desde el que en marzo pasado tuvo como objetivo la embajada de EEUU.

Los proyectiles de mortero fueron lanzados desde un "lugar lejano" e impactaron en la ventana de una villa "sin causar víctimas", indicaron fuentes policiales.

Decenas de efectivos de las fuerzas de seguridad yemeníes acordonaron el lugar atacado, en la zona Hadda, que acoge varias embajadas y misiones diplomáticas extranjeras.

Las fuentes aseguran que en ese barrio, fuertemente protegido por las fuerzas de seguridad, viven ciudadanos estadounidenses y de otras nacionalidades occidentales.

Expertos en seguridad apuntan como autora del ataque a la rama yemení de Al Qaeda, a la que se atribuyen numerosos atentados en este país del sur de la península Arábiga, incluidos los que causaron la muerte de ocho turistas españoles y dos belgas en julio y enero pasados, respectivamente.

Las autoridades yemeníes también responsabilizan a Al Qaeda del ataque con proyectiles de mortero del 19 de marzo pasado, que tenía como blanco la embajada de EEUU en Saná, si bien acabó afectando a un colegio colindante. Ese atentado causó la muerte de un guardia de la legación diplomática norteamericana y heridas a otros cuatro, así como a trece alumnos de la escuela.

Yemen, un país conservador de naturaleza tribal y presunto feudo de grupos extremistas a los que se vincula con Al Qaeda y con Irán, fue uno de los primeros estados árabes en anunciar su cooperación con Washington en la lucha contra el terrorismo tras los atentados del 11 de septiembre de 2001 en EEUU.

El ataque más grave contra intereses de EEUU en Yemen fue el que un suicida perpetró en 2000 contra el destructor "USS-Cole" en el puerto de Adén (sur), en el que murieron 17 infantes de Marina estadounidenses.
http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2008/04/0 ... 10531.html

Publicado: 16 Abr 2008 21:48
por Esteban
Más en la Fundación Jamestown sobre Al Qaeda en Yemen
Al-Qaeda’s New Hardliners in Yemen Strike Western Interests

A series of dramatic, message-laden explosions rocked Yemen’s capital of Sana’a last week, targeting foreigners and highlighting new and potentially ruinous trouble in this ancient city.

The first blasts on April 6 came from three mortar shells that targeted a complex housing American soldiers, including pilots (Al Ra’y, April 7). This came shortly after a mortar attack on the U.S. Embassy, which missed its presumed target but hit a nearby school for girls. The first attack prompted warnings from State Department officials; the latest caused evacuations of non-essential personnel (Yemen Observer, April 10).

A few days later, on April 10, an improvised explosive device was detonated at the headquarters of Canadian Nexum Petroleum, the largest oil company in Yemen. Al-Sharq al-Aswat reported on April 8 that the Yemeni government had arrested several men responsible for the attacks, for which credit had been claimed by al-Qaeda.

This follows a pattern set by the current, more hard-line generation of al-Qaeda currently operating in Yemen (see Terrorism Focus, July 10, 2007). This new generation, battle-hardened in Iraq and with shared prison experience, has proven to be more brutal and less willing to negotiate with the government than the previous generation of al-Qaeda in Yemen, which was largely wiped out by 2004.

This younger group has shown itself to be more media-savvy, more organizationally-competent, and more disposed to learn from past failures and successes than their predecessors. Their willingness to work outside the traditional Yemeni system of bargaining and compromise, coupled with their ability to pull off audacious—if not always successful—attacks, also shows them to be a considerable danger to the presidency of Ali Abdallah Saleh and the stability of Yemen at a time when that tenuous stability looks increasingly fragile. The south of Yemen, which has never recovered from Marxist mismanagement, the effects of unification, and their loss of and subsequent punishment for the 1994 civil war, is erupting in riots over the state of the local economy, weak even by Yemen’s low-index standards. The northern state of Sa’ada is still convulsed by the four-year old al-Houthi rebellion, despite numerous attempts at settling the issue (Yemen Times, April 9).

Al-Qaeda’s attacks on foreigners would be a difficult issue for the government even if it was not already facing a difficult and tangled set of problems. As it is, the attacks present another pulsing headache for the Saleh regime, which is trying to plan for an increasingly uncertain future. And this is most likely al-Qaeda’s strategy. Though Yemen’s ancestral connections to Osama bin Laden are perpetually overblown by the press, a failed state is in the best interests of almost any militant group; al-Qaeda is no exception. These attacks are a direct shot at the chaotic juggling show into which the Yemeni government is rapidly transforming.

Yemen is running out of water. Its economy is one of the weakest in the world. Its second-most powerful and influential political figure, Shaykh Abdullah al-Ahmar, recently died, and Saleh is trying to manage the transition to his own successor. These are fragile and trying times in the country. The attacks were a message to Saleh, and to the global community, that the chaos-producing strategy of al-Qaeda in Iraq, achieved despite being only a small part of the insurgency, is now being exported to the militants’ homelands.

There is a hadith, possibly apocryphal, which states: “When disorder strikes, seek refuge in Yemen.” It is becoming increasingly clear that the new al-Qaeda strategy is to ensure that the disorder they seek finds a home in Yemen.

Brian O'Neill is an independent political analyst based out of Chicago, and is a former reporter for the Yemen Observer.

Publicado: 16 Abr 2008 23:47
por Pelayo70
La última acción de AQY, según recoge el Yemen Observer.

Two soldiers killed, four others wounded in Mareb
Article Date: Apr 16, 2008 - 7:40:20 AM

A landmine exploded at a police patrol, killing two soldiers and wounding four others in Mareb last Wednesday, said the governor of Mareb province Arif al-Zoka .

the governor pointed out that the soldiers were in a security patrol before the mine went off below their vehicle at Mareb old crossroads, adding that the wounded have been rushed to hospital for treatment.

He has clarified that the security authorities were still conducting investigations into the incident that happened this morning.
Several terrorist acts had taken place in Mareb in the far north east of Yemen the latest of which was a terrorist operation targeted some Spanish tourists last year. This operation committed by al-Qaeda killed 7 Spanish tourists and 2 Yemenis.

Publicado: 30 Abr 2008 11:41
por kilo009
Ha habido una fuerte explosión en un edificio gubernamental (Ministerio de Finanzas) en Saná, próximo a la embajada de Italia en esta capital.

Por el momento no se sabe nada más.

Publicado: 03 May 2008 23:45
por kilo009
Nuevo atentado en Yemen:

-Atentado suicida (un terrorista) en una mezquita de Saada.
-Parece que el artefacto estaba camuflado en una bicicleta
-De 13 a 15 muertos, 60 heridos

-La mezquita estaba llena de militares (ese era el posible objetivo) según el Director de Seguridad de Saada, Mohamed Humud al Qahma.

-El líder chií Abdelmalik al Huti ha negado su responsabilidad en el atentado.