Al Qaeda en Somalia - Al Shabaab

Foro destinado al estudio de la organización, sus líderes, estrategias y comunicados. AQMI, AQAP, ISIL, Al Shabaab, Al Nusrah Front, AQ en el Sinai, Ansar al Sharia y grupos afiliados
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Esteban
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Al Qaeda en Somalia - Al Shabaab

Mensaje por Esteban » Sab Jun 02, 2007 11:05 am

Nuevo episodio en la guerra antiterrorista en el cuerno de Africa; un destructor de la US Navy bombardea una base terrorista en Somalia.

U.S. Military Launches Strike Against Militant Base in Somalia
Saturday , June 02, 2007

MOGADISHU, Somalia —

At least one U.S. warship bombarded a remote, mountainous village in Somalia where Islamic militants had set up a base, officials in the northern region of Puntland said Saturday.

The attack from a U.S. destroyer took place late Friday, said Muse Gelle, the regional governor. The extremists had arrived Wednesday by speedboat at the port town of Bargal.

Gelle said the area is a dense thicket, making it difficult for security forces from the semiautonomous republic of Puntland to intervene on its own.

A local radio station quoted Puntland's leader, Ade Muse, as saying that his forces had battled with the extremists for hours before the U.S. ships arrived and used their cannons. Muse said five of his troops were wounded, but that he had no information about casualties among the extremists.

A task force of coalition ships, called CTF-150, is permanently based in the northern Indian Ocean and patrols the Somali coast in hopes of intercepting international terrorists. U.S. destroyers are normally assigned to the task force and patrol in pairs.

CNN International, quoting a Pentagon official, also reported the U.S. warship's involvement. A Pentagon spokesman told The Associated Press he had no information about the incident.

"This is a global war on terror and the U.S. remains committed to reducing terrorist capabilities when and where we find them," Pentagon spokesman Bryan Whitman said.

"We recognize the importance of working closely with allies to seek out, identify, locate, capture, and if necessary, kill terrorists and those who would provide them safe haven," Whitman said. "The very nature of some of our operations, as well as the success of those operations is often predicated on our ability to work quietly with our partners and allies."

Puntland's minister of information, Mohamed Abdulrahman Banga, told the AP that the extremists arrived heavily armed in two fishing boats from southern Somalia, which they controlled for six months last year before being routed by Ethiopian troops sent to prop up a faltering Somali government.

"They had their own small boats and guns. We do not know exactly where they came from — maybe from Ras Kamboni, where they were cornered in January," he said.

Local fishermen, contacted by telephone, said about a dozen fighters arrived Wednesday, but Puntland officials said the number could be as high as 35.

The United States has repeatedly accused Somalia's Council of Islamic Courts of harboring international terrorists linked to Al Qaeda and allegedly responsible for the 1998 bombings of the U.S. Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.

The U.S. sent a small number of special operations troops with the Ethiopian forces that drove the Islamic forces into hiding. U.S. warplanes have carried out at least two airstrikes in an attempt to kill suspected Al Qaeda members, Pentagon officials have said.
La necesidad permite lo prohibido.

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Mensaje por Loopster » Lun Jun 25, 2007 3:48 pm

Curiosa e interesante noticia, ¿células de españoles entrenando en Somalia?

Secret SAS mission to Somalia uncovers British terror cells

23rd June 2007

By JASON LEWIS

Terrorist sleeper cells said to be planning attacks in the UK have been unmasked after the bodies of Britons killed in US bombing raids in Somalia were identified by a top-secret SAS mission.

The four British men were among an estimated 400 people killed in a series of American air raids on Al Qaeda training camps in the war-torn East African state in January.

In March, British and US special-forces troops were secretly sent back into the region to take DNA samples from the exhumed remains of more than 50 of those killed during the attacks.

Scroll down for more

The joint SAS and Delta Force teams spent a number of days in the former Al Qaeda strongholds of Hayo and the island of Lamu, trying to identify foreign terrorists. They were armed with profiles of wanted terrorists they believed had been hiding and training in the area.

The wanted list included people who were tracked from America, the UK and other European countries - notably France, Spain, Italy and Germany.

The British and American teams are now playing a key role in the war against terror and take their orders directly from the CIA.

The DNA samples were processed on a US aircraft carrier in the Arabian Sea and the results sent to the CIA's headquarters in Langley, Washington DC.

MI5 is understood to have used the samples to identify four British men killed in the US attacks. Their relatives and friends have now been put under covert surveillance in the hope of identifying further terror cells in the UK.

"This was a very successful operation and has provided key intelligence about terrorists still planning attacks in the UK and elsewhere in Europe', said a source.

"Up to four UK-based terror cells may have been disrupted or destroyed because of the air strikes, as well as cells based in other European countries."

The attacks were mounted from the neighbouring state of Djibouti, where 2,000 US troops were stationed. They had been waiting to join a push by the Somali government against the Islamic Courts regime in Mogadishu, which forcibly took over much of the country in 2006.

Last night a senior Whitehall source would not discuss the operation, but added: "It is well known that the Islamic Courts issued an open invitation to foreign jihadists to go to Somalia."

Intelligence reports had long suggested many Western Muslims had taken up the offer and were receiving military training in the region.

Three Britons were arrested in Kenya after fleeing the US air raids on Somalia. All were interrogated but were finally allowed to return to the UK.

One of the men, Reza Afsharzadagen, 25, from North London, says he was in Somalia teaching computer programming.

He claims to have been accused of terrorism and interviewed by MI5, but he has faced no charges on his return to Britain.


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/worldnews.html?in_article_id=463962&in_page_id=1811

Quien lo ha colgado en MP.net, Hist2004, tiene una gran reputación por dar en el clavo muy a menudo.
Cry havoc and unleash the hawgs of war - Otatsiihtaissiiststakio piksi makamo ta psswia

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Mensaje por Esteban » Lun Jun 25, 2007 7:40 pm

Muy buena información.
La necesidad permite lo prohibido.

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Al Qaida en Somalia

Mensaje por Pelayo70 » Mar Ago 21, 2007 10:27 pm

Hola. Abro este post-it en el que tengan cabida todas aquéllas apreciaciones en relación con el conflicto de Somalia: las actividades de Al Qaeda en el Este de África, las conexiones de ésta rama con la yemení y la de la Península Arábiga; los mujahidines que retornan desde Iraq para participar en Somalia; la extensión del conflicto a Etiopía, Eritrea Kenia, Tanzania y Sudán... en fin, hay razones suficientes para tener en cuenta este nuevo escenario de la Jihad Internacional.

Saludos a todos
""Puede que no todos los musulmanes sean terroristas, pero últimamente todos los terroristas son musulmanes."

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Mensaje por Pelayo70 » Jue Ago 23, 2007 2:04 pm

Artículo recomendado sobre los clanes en Somalia, es del NY Times abarcando el sistema de clanes, así como otros asopectos socio-políticos de dicho país:


Somalia (sōmä'leə), country (2005 est. pop. 8,591,000), 246,200 sq mi (637,657 sq km), extreme E Africa. It is directly south of the Arabian peninsula across the Gulf of Aden. Somalia comprises almost the entire African coast of the Gulf of Aden and a longer stretch on the Indian Ocean. It is bounded on the NW by Djibouti, on the W by Ethiopia, on the SW by Kenya, and on the S and E by the Indian Ocean. Mogadishu is the capital.


Land and People

Arid, semi desert conditions make the country relatively unproductive. In most areas, barren coastal lowland (widest in the south) is abruptly succeeded by a rise to the interior plateau, which is generally c.3,000 ft (910 m) high and stretches toward the northern and western highlands. The Jubba and the Webe Shebele are the only important rivers. In addition to Mogadishu, other important cities are Hargeisa, Berbera (the main northern port), and Kismayo (the principal port of the south).

The vast majority of the republic's population is Somali; they speak a Cushitic language and are Sunni Muslims. They are divided into five principal clans and many sub clans. Islam is the state religion. Although Somali is the national tongue, Arabic, Italian, and English are used officially. There are Bantu-speaking ethnic groups in the southwest and numerous Arabs in the coastal towns.


Economy

Pastoralism is the dominant mode of life; both nomadic and sedentary herding of cattle, sheep, goats, and camels are carried on. The major cash crop is bananas. Other important crops include sugarcane, sorghum, corn, mangoes, sesame seeds, and cotton. There is a small fishing industry. Livestock, charcoal, bananas, hides and skins, and fish are exported. Somalia's most valuable mineral resource is uranium. Oil, iron ore, and other minerals have been discovered but are not produced commercially. Agricultural processing constitutes the bulk of Somalian industry, which includes meat and fish (notably tuna) canning, sugar refining, oilseed processing, leather tanning, and the production of cotton textiles and charcoal. There is also some petroleum refining; however, much of Somalia's industry has been shut down due to civil strife. There are no railroads. The chief trading partners include Saudi Arabia, Kenya, Djibouti, Yemen, and Italy.


History

Early and Colonial Periods

Between the 7th and 10th cent., immigrant Muslim Arabs and Persians established trading posts along Somalia's Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean coasts; Mogadishu began its existence as a trading station. During the 15th and 16th cent., Somali warriors regularly joined the armies of the Muslim sultanates in their battles with Christian Ethiopia.
British, French, and Italian imperialism all played an active role in the region in the 19th cent. Great Britain's concern with the area was largely to safeguard trade links with its Aden colony (founded 1839), which depended especially on mutton from Somalia. The British opportunity came when Egyptian forces, having occupied much of the region in the 1870s, withdrew in 1884 to fight the Mahdi in Sudan. British penetration led to a series of agreements (1884–86) with local tribal leaders and, in 1887, to the establishment of a protectorate. France first acquired a foothold in the area in the 1860s. An Anglo-French agreement of 1888 defined the boundary between the Somalian possessions of the two countries.

Italy first asserted its authority in the area in 1889 by creating a small protectorate in the central zone, to which other concessions were later added in the south (territory ceded by the sultan of Zanzibar) and north. In 1925, Jubaland, or the Trans-Juba (east of the Juba [now Jubba] River), was detached from Kenya to become the westernmost part of the Italian colony. In 1936, Italian Somaliland was combined with Somali-speaking districts of Ethiopia to form a province of the newly formed Italian East Africa. During World War II, Italian forces invaded British Somaliland; but the British, operating from Kenya, retook the region in 1941 and went on to conquer Italian Somaliland. Britain ruled the combined regions until 1950, when Italian Somaliland became a UN trust territory under Italian control.


Independence and Its Aftermath

In accordance with UN decisions, Italian Somaliland, renamed Somalia, was granted internal autonomy in 1956 and independence in 1960. Britain proclaimed the end of its protectorate in June, 1960, and on July 1 the legislatures of the two new states created the United Republic of Somalia. In the early years of independence the government was faced with a severely underdeveloped economy and with a vocal movement that favoured the creation of a “Greater Somalia” encompassing the Somali-dominated areas of Kenya, French Somaliland (now Djibouti), and Ethiopia. The nomadic existence of many Somali herders and the ill-defined frontiers worsened the problem. Hostilities between Somalia and Ethiopia erupted in 1964, and Kenya became involved in the conflict as well, which continued until peace was restored in 1967. The inhabitants of French Somaliland, meanwhile, voted to continue their association with France.

In 1969, President Abd-i-rashid Ali Shermarke was assassinated. The new rulers, led by Maj. Gen. Mohammed Siad Barre, dissolved the national assembly, banned political parties, and established a supreme revolutionary council with the power to rule by decree pending adoption of a new constitution. The country's name was changed to the Somali Democratic Republic.

Under Barre's leadership Somalia joined the Arab League (1974) and developed strong ties with the Soviet Union and other Communist-bloc nations. In the late 1970s, however, after Somalia began supporting ethnic Somali rebels seeking independence for the disputed Ogaden region of Ethiopia, the Soviet Union sided with Ethiopia, and Somalia won backing from the United States and Saudi Arabia. Somalia invaded the disputed territory in 1977 but was driven out by Ethiopian forces in 1978. Guerrilla warfare in the Ogaden continued until 1988, when Ethiopia and Somalia reached a peace accord.

Warfare among rival factions within Somalia intensified, and in 1991 Barre was ousted from his power center in the capital by nationalist guerrillas. Soon afterward, an insurgent group in N Somalia (the former British Somaliland) that had begun its rebellion in the 1980s announced it had seceded from the country and proclaimed itself the Somaliland Republic. In Mogadishu, Mohammed Ali Mahdi was proclaimed president by one group and Mohammed Farah Aidid by another, as fighting between rival factions continued. Civil war and the worst African drought of the century created a devastating famine in 1992, resulting in a loss of some 300,000 lives.

A UN-brokered truce was declared and UN peacekeepers and food supplies arrived, but the truce was observed only sporadically. Late in 1992, troops from the United States and other nations attempted to restore political stability and establish free and open food-aid routes by protecting ports, airports, and roads. However, there was widespread looting of food-distribution sites and hostility toward the relief effort by heavily armed militant factions.

Efforts to re-establish a central government were unsuccessful, and international troops became enmeshed in the tribal conflicts that had undone the nation. Failed attempts in 1993 by U.S. forces to capture Aidid, in reaction to an ambush by Somalis in which 23 Pakistani peacekeepers were killed, produced further casualties. Clan-based fighting increased in 1994 as the United States and other nations withdrew their forces; the last UN peacekeepers left the following year. Aidid died in 1996 from wounds suffered in battle.

The country was devastated by floods in 1997 and in the late 1990s was still without any organized government. Mogadishu and most of the south were ruled by violence. The breakaway Somaliland Republic, although not recognized internationally, continued to maintain a stable existence, with Mohammed Ibrahim Egal (1993–2002) and Dahir Riyale Kahin (2002–) as presidents. It had a growing economy and in the late 1990s began receiving aid from the European Union. The northeast (Puntland) section of the country also had stabilized, with local clan leadership providing some basic services and foreign trade being carried on through its port on the Gulf of Aden. Both Puntland and Jubaland (in S Somalia) declared their independence in 1998. UN agencies and other humanitarian organizations also continued to deliver food aid in some areas of the country.

In 2000 a five-month conference of mainly southern Somalis that had convened in Djibouti under the sponsorship of that nation's president established a national charter (interim constitution) and elected a national assembly and a president, Abdikassim Salad Hassan, who had been an official in Barre's regime. The new president flew to Mogadishu in August. A number of militias refused to recognize the new government, and officials and forces of the government were attacked several times by militia forces, and the government exercised minimal authority in the capital and little influence outside it. The establishment (Mar., 2001) of the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council by opposition warlords supported by Ethiopia, an overwhelming vote (June, 2001) in the Somaliland region in favour of remaining independent, and a declaration of independence (Apr., 2002) by Southwestern Somaliland, the fourth such regional state to be proclaimed, were further obstacles to the new government's acceptance.

In Oct., 2002, a cease-fire accord that also aimed at establishing a federal constitution was signed in Kenya by all the important factions except the Somaliland region. Fighting, however, continued in parts of the country. The sometimes stormy talks that followed the cease-fire were slow to produce concrete results, but a transitional charter was signed in Jan., 2004. Meanwhile, the mandate of the essentially symbolic interim government expired in Aug., 2003, but the president withdrew from talks, refused to resign, and had the prime minister (who remained involved in the talks) removed from office. In Sept., 2004, after many delays, a 275-member parliament was convened (in Kenya) under the new charter, and a new president, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, was elected in October. Yusuf, a former general who had served as president of Puntland, and the parliament are to serve for five years. Somaliland remained a non participant in the transitional government (and held elections for its own parliament later, in Oct., 2005). Coastal areas of Somalia, particularly in Puntland, suffered damage and the loss of several hundred lives as a result of the Dec., 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami.

The new government was slow to move to Somalia, delayed by disputes over who would be in the cabinet, whether nations neighbouring Somalia would contribute troops to African Union peacekeeping forces, and whether the government would be initially established in the capital or outside it. The disputes in Kenya boiled over into fighting in Somalia in March and May, 2005, where the forces of two warlords battled for control of Baidoa, one of the proposed temporary capitals. Some government members, allied with the speaker of the parliament, meanwhile relocated to Mogadishu.

In June the president returned to his home region of Puntland, and in July he announced plans to move south to Jowhar, the other proposed temporary capital. A coalition of Mogadishu warlords announced that they would attack Jowhar if the president attempted to establish a temporary capital there, but the president nonetheless did so. The year also saw a dramatic increase in piracy and ship hijackings off the Somalia coast, including the hijacking of a UN aid ship and an attack on a cruise ship.

In Jan., 2006, the disputing Somali factions agreed to convene the parliament at Baidoa, Somalia, and the following month it met there. There were outbreaks of fighting in Mogadishu in Feb.–Mar., 2006, between militia forces aligned with unofficial Islamic courts and militias loyal to several warlords. In April, Baidoa was officially established as Somalia's temporary capital. Fighting re-erupted in Mogadishu in April and by July the Islamist militias had won control of Mogadishu and, through alliances, much of S Somalia, except for the Baidoa region. A truce in June between the government and the Islamist was not generally honoured.

The Islamists, who were split between moderates and hardliners, established the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) and imposed Islamic law on the area under their control. In some areas their rule recalled that of the Taliban in Afghanistan. They were accused of having ties to Al Qaeda, which they denied, but there was apparent evidence of non-Somali fighters in the militia. Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys, a hardliner who became leader of the UIC shura [council], had led an Islamist group ousted from Puntland by President Yusuf, and was regarded as a threat by Ethiopia for having accused that nation of “occupying” the Ogaden.

As the UIC solidified its hold over S Somalia, taking control of the port of Kismayo in September, hundreds of Somalis fled to NE Kenya. Also in September there was an attempt to assassinate President Yusuf. There were increased tensions between the UIC and Ethiopia over the presence of Ethiopian troops in Somalia in support of the interim government, a situation that Ethiopia denied until October, when it said they were there to train government forces. Eritrea was accused of supplying arms to the UIC, raising the spectre of a wider war involving Ethiopia and Eritrea.
In Oct., 2006, government and UIC forces clashed several times over Bur Hakaba, a town outside Baidoa on the road to Mogadishu. A number of attempts over the summer to restart talks between the government and the UIC stalled over various issues. The interim government was split between those who favoured negotiations with UIC and the prime minister, who strongly objected to any negotiations. In addition, the government objected to the Islamists' seizure of additional territory since the June truce, and the UIC objected to the presence of Ethiopian forces in Somalia.


Bibliography

See R. L. Hess, Italian Colonialism in Somalia (1966); D. D. Laitin and S. S. Samatar, Somalia (1985); I. M. Lewis, A Modern History of Somalia (1988); A. I. Samatar, The State and Rural Transformation in Northern Somalia (1989).
""Puede que no todos los musulmanes sean terroristas, pero últimamente todos los terroristas son musulmanes."

Pelayo70
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Mensaje por Pelayo70 » Lun Sep 24, 2007 6:10 pm

Artículo publicado ayer sobre la muerte de Saleh DHERE
Poco a poco, aquellos que perpetraron los atentados de Kenia y Tanzania van desapareciendo....


Salah Dhere, uno de los líderes de Al Qaeda, muere asesinado en Somalia


YIBUTI-23.09.2007.- Uno de los líderes de Al Qaeda más buscados, Salah Ali Saleh Al Nabhan, conocido como Salah Dhere, fue abatido a tiros hace dos días en Somalia, según informaron a Efe fuentes locales.
Al Nabhan, ciudadano yemení con pasaporte keniano, estaba en la lista norteamericana de terroristas buscados y es sospechoso de ser uno de los artífices de los atentados terroristas del Hotel Paradise de la ciudad keniana de Mombasa, y de los ataques contra las embajadas de Estados Unidos en Kenia y Tanzania en 1998, que costaron 240 vidas.
Aunque los detalles son confusos, las informaciones, que llegan del área de Jeehin, en Galdadud, indican que Al Nabhan fue disparado el pasado viernes en Mareergur, donde murió junto con otros amigos. Una de las informaciones explica que la muerte sucedió durante los enfrentamientos entre dos sub-clanes de las cortes islámicas.
Las disputas habrían estallado a raíz de la oposición del clan Al Shaba (según Estados Unidos, vinculado a Al Qaeda) a los resultados del encuentro de Asmara. El grupo de Al Shaba, en los campos de entrenamiento de Jeehin, estaba liderado por Nabhan.
Otro informe dice que un grupo desconocido del mismo clan, disparó matando a Al Nabhan en el campo de Jeehin, y considera que el ataque fue planeado por los grupos de Asmara que quieren el reconocimiento de los gobiernos occidentales.
Un tercer informe dice que Al Nabhan murió después de que el convoy donde viajaba, de la milicia de Al Shabab, se enfrentó a un sub-clan de la milicia de las cortes islámicas que tenía controles de carretera en Marerguri, un pequeño pueblo de la región de Galgadud.
Ninguno de estos informes ha sido oficialmente confirmado, pero el grupo Al Shabab afirmó que uno de sus líderes había sido abatido en Jeehin y negó que fuera Al Nabhan. Un miembro de la milicia explicó, con la condición de permanecer en el anonimato, que "hubo intercambio de tiros entre dos milicias de Al Shabab".
"Después, dos de nuestros hombres murieron en este tiroteo cuando trataban de mediar", continuó, y añadió que "no conocemos a Al Nabhan, hemos escuchado este nombre por primera vez de lo medios occidentales".
El grupo Al Shabab está preparando la lucha contra el gobierno de transición de Somalia, que está recibiendo el apoyo de Etiopía. Tiene campos de entrenamiento en Jeehin y Mareegur, en la región central de Somalia, y otros en el sur del país, cerca de la frontera con Kenia.


saludos
""Puede que no todos los musulmanes sean terroristas, pero últimamente todos los terroristas son musulmanes."

Pelayo70
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Mensaje por Pelayo70 » Jue Nov 01, 2007 6:58 pm

Esto de Somalia va de mal en peor. Dimite el Primer Ministro al Gedi, aliado fiel de Etiopía. Esto le va a dar más alas al Consejo de los Tribunales islámicos.

Leer este interesante artículo,

Las rivalidades políticas en Somalia desembocan en la renuncia del primer ministro.
29/10/2007
Mogadiscio. (EFE).- El primer ministro de Somalia, Mohamed Ali Gedi, anunció hoy su renuncia al cargo, tras las disputas que desde hace varias semanas mantenía con el presidente Abdulahi Yusuf Ahmed.

La decisión anunciada por Gedi ante el Parlamento siembra nuevas dudas sobre el futuro político de esta nación, que vive en medio de una situación caótica desde que fue derrocado en 1991 el dictador Mohamed Siad Barré. "Comienza una nueva época en la vida política somalí: he decidido abandonar el cargo en virtud del interés púbico, por lo que he presentado mi renuncia al presidente", anunció Gedi, quien señaló que seguirá siendo miembro del Parlamento.

Gedi, que había asumido como primer ministro el 3 de noviembre de 2004, cuando los dirigentes políticos somalíes estaban asilados en Kenia, presentó su renuncia poco después de llegar a Baidoa, al noroeste de Mogadiscio y donde tiene su sede el Gobierno.

Había llegado allí desde la capital etíope, donde se reunió con representantes oficiales del vecino país, el principal apoyo que tiene el presidente Ahmed y que en diciembre pasado envió miles de soldados para combatir a los milicianos islámicos somalíes.

El ahora ex primer ministro había viajado a Etiopía para buscar el apoyo del Gobierno de Addis Abeba. Sin embargo, dos jefes militares etíopes acompañaban hoy a Gedi para asegurar que renunciaba al cargo, según dijeron a Efe fuentes presidenciales.

Ahmed aceptó la renuncia del primer ministro y animó a los líderes políticos a superar las diferencias existentes. "Deseo que, a partir de ahora, las instituciones olviden sus rivalidades y colaboren", agregó el gobernante.

El presidente dijo al Parlamento que nombrará un nuevo primer ministro, después de consultas con los líderes políticos, en un plazo máximo de treinta días.


Luchas internas

La renuncia se produce después de varias semanas de luchas internas entre el jefe del Gobierno y la Presidencia que habían generado divisiones entre las autoridades y ponían en riesgo las proyectadas elecciones de 2009.

Las diferencias estallaron públicamente después de que Ahmed firmara un convenio con una firma china para explorar petróleo en Somalia, mientras que Gedi estaba inclinado a dar la licencia a un consorcio formado por compañías de Indonesia y Kuwait.

Y las rivalidades se agudizaron cuando el jefe de la Corte Suprema, Yusuf Ali Harun, fue arrestado el pasado 20 de septiembre, bajo cargos de corrupción, una decisión detrás de la que estaba el presidente y a la que se oponía el primer ministro.

Ghedi, de 53 años, pertenece al clan Hawiye, el más importante de Mogadiscio, mientras que el presidente Ahmed es del clan Darod, originario del norte del país.

El ahora ex primer ministro, un antiguo funcionario de la Organización para la Unidad Africana, predecesora de la actual Unión Africana, era poco conocido en la vida política de Somalia hasta que fue designado para el cargo.


La mejor gestión en los últimos quince años

Durante su gestión, la más seria que ha habido en más de quince años para que Somalia pueda recuperarse del caos en el que vive, Gedi tuvo que terciar con las luchas entre los diferentes clanes, primero, y con la ofensiva de los milicianos islámicos.

Los combatientes islámicos llegaron a ocupar Mogadiscio y amplios sectores del sur del país durante seis meses, hasta que fueron expulsados de todas sus posiciones por los soldados etíopes.

Al conocer su renuncia, el presidente de la Unión de los Tribunales Islámicos, Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, desde la capital eritrea calificó a Gedi como un "criminal" que conservó el poder gracias al apoyo de "las fuerzas invasoras" de Etiopía. "Ahora es Etiopía quien le pide que renuncie", agregó.

Mientras tanto, en las calles de Mogadiscio no se ha visto con malos ojos la dimisión del primer ministro. "Debe haber nuevas caras para luchar contra la violencia", afirmó el vecino de esta capital Mursal Qulle Omar.
""Puede que no todos los musulmanes sean terroristas, pero últimamente todos los terroristas son musulmanes."

Pelayo70
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Mensaje por Pelayo70 » Lun Ene 28, 2008 11:42 pm

Ya empiezan los ataques contra ONGs que operan en Somalia, un paso más de Al Qaida en el Este de África para convertir a Somalia en otro frente de Jihad Internacional declarado.

Noticia extraida de La Vanguardia, cuya Sección de "Internacional" cada día es más completa.

Saludos



Cuatro muertos al explotar una bomba en Somalia

Los fallecidos son dos cooperantes de Médicos Sin Fronteras, un conductor y un periodista local

28/01/2008| Actualizada a las 16:09h
Mogadiscio. (EFE).- Cuatro personas murieron hoy en Somalia en un atentado contra un equipo de Médicos sin Fronteras (MSF) que trabajaba en la ciudad sureña de Kismayo, según informaron fuentes policiales.

Seguir leyendo noticia
Los fallecidos son dos médicos, uno holandés y otro keniano, su su conductor somalí y un periodista local que pasaba por la zona cuando se produjo la explosión.

En un principio se barajó la posibilidad de que la explosión fuera causada por una mina al paso del vehículo de MSF, sin embargo fuentes policiales y testigos presenciales creen que se trató de un artefacto explosivo accionado a distancia.

Un hombre que trabaja en una empresa de telecomunicaciones Nur Warsame dijo que nada más producirse la explosión vio a un hombre huyendo del lugar a toda carrera.

Agregó que después de que estallara el artefacto se produjo un intercambio de disparos, de origen desconocido.

"Después de varios minutos vimos los cuerpos de los asistentes sociales, dentro de su coche, y el de un periodista que estaba tirado en la acera", añadió Warsame.

El periodista fue identificado como Hassan Kafi Hared, un conocido periodista local que pasaba por casualidad por ese lugar. No se ha facilitado la identidad de las otras tres víctimas.

El oficial de seguridad de Kismayo Omar Hassan dijo que es la primera vez que ocurre un atentado de este tipo contra organizaciones de asistencia internacionales que trabajan en Somalia.

Ningún grupo se ha atribuido esta acción, que se produce semanas después de que el principal grupo de milicianos islámicos que opera en este país anunciara que las organizaciones que prestan asistencia en Somalia no eran el objetivo de sus acciones.

El equipo que sufrió el atentado pertenece a la delegación holandesa de MSF, una organización que también tiene otros profesionales europeos desplegados en este país, el más violento de África.

El 26 de diciembre pasado, una médica española, Mercedes García, y una enfermera argentina, Pilar Bauza, fueron secuestradas en la ciudad de Bosaso, en el extremo norte del país, y liberadas el 2 de enero. Sus captores habían pedido un rescate.

El caso de hoy, sin embargo, no parece obra de delincuentes comunes, como el secuestro de las cooperantes, más bien puede atribuirse a grupos de milicianos que operan sin control de las autoridades.

Desde 1991, cuando fue derrocado el dictador Mohamed Siad Barré, Somalia vive sin que un Gobierno central haya logrado imponer su autoridad, a merced de las luchas entre los distintos clanes o la propiciada por los combatientes islámicos.

Kismayo está controlada por el clan Marehan, cuyo principal líder es el "señor de la guerra" Barre Hirale, ex ministro de Defensa del Gobierno de transición.

La ciudad portuaria se encuentra cerca de la península de Badbadow, donde los milicianos islámicos se refugiaron en enero de 2007 al ser desplazados de los territorios que controlaban por los miles de soldados etíopes que invadieron el mes anterior el país.

El pasado 9 de enero, Mujtar Robow Ali, conocido como Abu Mansor, y líder del grupo Alshabab, acusado de tener vínculos con Al Qaeda, declaró que sus milicianos no atacarán a las agencias de asistencia porque se dedican "a ayudar a la gente necesitada".

"Alshabab no tiene en su agenda atacar a los asistentes sociales", señaló hoy Abu Mansor, una declaración que siembra dudas sobre la posibilidad de que el ataque que sufrió hoy el equipo de MSF sea responsabilidad de ese grupo.

El atentado puede poner en riesgo las operaciones de asistencia que realizan en Somalia organizaciones como MSF o agencias que dependen de la ONU, la principal fuente de ayuda para millones de somalíes que son víctimas del conflicto.
""Puede que no todos los musulmanes sean terroristas, pero últimamente todos los terroristas son musulmanes."

kilo009
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Mensaje por kilo009 » Vie Abr 25, 2008 12:29 pm

Fuerzas somalíes se han cargado a Sheikh Mukhtar @ Abu Zubayr

Ethiopia: Somali Intelligence reported Sheikh Mukhtar killed in Mogadishu
Mogadishu (HAN)


April 23, 2008- The Ethiopian army and Somali Security forces official said, the Al-shabab commander blamed for the attack on the Ethiopian troops in Balidogle (The Battle of Somalia Airport) last month and was the deadliest since both forces entered Mogadishu in 2006 has been killed in a shootout with security forces in Southern Somalia.

A senior Somali intelligence official said Ethiopian Intelligence forces killed Sheikh Mukhtar, also known as Abuu Zubayr, at a roadblock near the city of Jawhar. The Ethiopian military officials in Mogadishu confirmed Mukhtar's death in a shootout and said Somali authorities had his body. The Somali Intelligence officials spoke to The HAN & Geeska Afrika Online on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the matter publicly.

The Ethiopian army and Somali officials have described Sheikh Mukhtar, who also went by the name Abu-Zubayr, as one of the Amiirs of Al-Shabab militants who ambushed a group of Ethiopian commandos in March 2008 and shot down an Ethiopian military helicopter in 2007. A number of Ethiopian special forces died on the military helicopter shot down over Mogadishu area last year.
The commander's death, which was first reported by HAN & Geeska Afrika Online News on Monady, could help relations between Somali's new TNG government and Addis Ababa, which wants it to keep up the pressure on Al-Shabab, Al-itihad and al-Qaida operatives inside Somalia, mainly Southern Somalia.

Ethiopia’s involvement in Somalia has reached what the US military in Djibouti would call “a turning point”. With more and more information coming to light about the Ethiopian army turning detainees over to the US secret agents towards Cuba terror center. "It is becoming clear that Ethiopia is operating in violation of international law," Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmad Geeska Afrika Online by phone. He added that "Ethiopian troops must be removed from Somalia, as events continue to bear witness to the fact that it is a policy that is failing in the goal of rebuilding Somali TNG as a viable Government and nation-state".

The new Somali government led by Nur Ade is offering talks to some Islamic opposition groups in hope of persuading them to abandon insurgency. Ethiopian officials view the shift of emphasis away from military operations with some skepticism.

Sources: Geeska Afrika Magazine, HAN Reporter In Mogadishu


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Portal de prensa del Cuerno de África: http://www.geeskaafrika.com/
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Pelayo70
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Mensaje por Pelayo70 » Vie Abr 25, 2008 11:47 pm

muy buenas esas guebs, kilo!!!
Saludos
""Puede que no todos los musulmanes sean terroristas, pero últimamente todos los terroristas son musulmanes."

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