Terrorismo islámico en Reino Unido

Subforo para recoger las noticias relacionadas con las redes terroristas en Europa y sus conexiones exteriores
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Esteban
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Mensaje por Esteban » Lun Mar 24, 2008 9:23 pm

trabajo de la Fundación Jamestown sobre la incidencia del aumento de presos islamistas en el sistema de prisiones del RU

Britain’s Prison Dilemma: Issues and Concerns in Islamic Radicalization

By Raffaello Pantucci
The increasingly rapid tempo of arrests and convictions of terrorist plotters by the British security services has had the concurrent effect of increasing the number of terrorist prisoners now incarcerated in the United Kingdom’s penal system. This influx of hardened terrorists into the system has started to alarm many in the Ministry of Justice and the Home Office who are concerned about the “disruptive impact of terrorists on prison regimes” (Guardian, March 3). Fears are focused on two main concerns: clashes between groups of Muslim prisoners and others in the general prison population, and the potential for high-profile terrorist prisoners to radicalize susceptible imprisoned youths.

The Shoe Bomber and the Amir

These fears are not without some basis. It has been widely reported that “shoe bomber” Richard Reid was radicalized while serving a sentence for petty crime in Feltham Young Offenders Institution. The “amir” of the July 21 group—responsible for the attempted bombings of the London underground on July 21, 2005—Muktar Said Ibrahim, was similarly radicalized during a period of incarceration at either Huntercombe or Feltham Young Offenders Institution (BBC, July 29, 2005; Observer, July 15, 2007). Imams preaching extremism have been blamed for radicalizing impressionable young men—in 2002, imams at both Huntercombe and Feltham were suspended for such activities (Observer, July 15, 2007).

British authorities are also concerned by behavior seen in prisons across the Channel in continental Europe.

The recent conviction in Spain of 20 individuals for “Islamic terrorist activity”—though not on the original charge of plotting to drive a truck bomb into the main anti-terrorist courthouse—spawned from a plot that was led by Abderrahmane Tahiri, also known as Mohamed Achraf, and was concocted behind bars (Reuters Espana, February 27).

Similarly, in 2005, French police arrested Safe Bourada, an Algerian who had served time in prison for plotting the 1990s metro attacks in Paris. Bourada was charged with leading a terror cell he had recruited while serving his sentence (Times, October 3, 2006; Le Monde, September 27, 2005).

Fears in the United Kingdom, however, date back to the Irish troubles, when many remember the role played by detainees in HM Prison Maze during the 1970s-1990s (BBC, October 23, 2007). Initially intended as a place of incarceration, the penitentiary slowly developed into a political rallying point, even going so far as to attract a visit by Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Mo Mowlam as a part of the peace talks.

Furthermore, violence between different dissident groups often spilled over beyond the prison walls, with some 29 prison officers killed during the troubles (Observer, July 15, 2007).

Her Majesty’s Prison Belmarsh

In particular, there are concerns about the prison population in HM Prison Belmarsh in Southeast London, where at least 151 of 916 prisoners attend Muslim religious services regularly [1]. One police official described the prison to Jamestown as Britain’s own “madrasah,” and there have been reports of guard intimidation: “When an officer confronts a Muslim prisoner…he or she finds themselves surrounded by five or six other inmates” (Observer, July 15, 2007).

Even more alarming, in July 2007, prison officers confiscated a laptop computer from prisoner Tariq al-Dour, who was convicted alongside Younis Tsouli, also known as Irhabi 007 (see Terrorism Focus, March 4), for allegedly using a mobile phone to connect to the internet and building a terrorist-sympathetic website (Mirror, July 15, 2007). The scuffle surrounding the seizure of the computer led to a riot between prison officers and al-Qaeda sympathizers detained in the prison (Observer, July 15, 2007).

There are currently around 130 prisoners convicted or on remand for terrorist-related crimes in the British penal system, though this number is likely to increase as a number of high-profile cases reach conclusion (Guardian, March 3).

This is in a prison population of around 80,000, about 11 percent of which identify themselves as Muslims (BBC, August 3, 2007). Given that not all of these prisoners are held apart from the general population, the result is that convicted terrorists can be incarcerated with criminals detained for more petty crimes, a potentially dangerous combination.

As Steve Gough, vice-chairman of the Prison Officers Association, put it: “The majority of the prison population is comprised of angry young men, disenfranchised from society. It doesn’t matter if they are English, Afro-Caribbean, or whatever. These people are ripe for radicalization” (Observer, July 15, 2007).

Stories of radicals openly leading Muslim services have emerged. In 2006, the BBC learned that Khalid al Fawwaz, also known as Abu Omar, who is currently fighting extradition to the United States for charges pertaining to the 1998 embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam, led prayers amongst Muslim prisoners while being detained in 2003 at HM Prison Woodhill (BBC, May 4, 2006).

In August 2007, the Prison Officers Association expressed concern that Abu Qatada, a Jordanian-Palestinian wanted on terrorism charges in eight countries, might have been preaching in HM Prison Long Lartin—officers were unable to understand exactly what Qatada was doing during “thrice daily communal prayers” (BBC, August 3, 2007).

Reflecting prison officers’ heightened awareness of this problem, Dhiren Barot, also known as Essa al-Hindi—mastermind of a series of plots including against potentially high-profile financial targets in the United Kingdom and United States—has complained that “any time the prison [official] [sic.] feels that I may have found a ‘friend’ that I may be ‘overly’ socializing with, more often than not the individual/s concerned are promptly shipped out to other establishments.

Why? For irrational fear of ‘sermonizing’ or ‘talent scouting’ of course because they believe I have an arresting personality! The same goes for physical training with other inmates” [2].

The Dispersal Strategy

One solution that has been attempted is dispersal, whereby prisoners detained on al-Qaeda-related charges are sent to prisons around the country to avoid their clustering and forming gangs in specific prisons.

A particularly high-profile instance of this has been the decision to transfer prisoners Omar Khyam, the leader of a group of would-be terrorist bombers broken up by 2004’s “Operation Crevice,” Hussein Osman, one of the July 21 plotters and Dhiren Barot to HM Prison Frankland in Durham, England.

Clashes between the extremists and other prisoners in HM Prison Frankland have been frequent. In July 2007, Barot was assaulted by other prisoners with scalding water and boiling oil, leading to substantial burns and scarring (Observer, February 10; al-istiqamah.com, November-December 2007).

Then in October 2007, Omar Khyam, who according to his lawyer has faced death threats from other inmates [3], assaulted another prisoner in a similar manner resulting in charges being brought against him (BBC, January 31).

Many prisoners charged with terrorist offenses have been spread over a number of prisons nationally, but concerns remain surrounding the possibility of deeper long-term radicalization or clashes between gangs of extremists and other prisoners. As the national commissioning plan for security prisons highlighted: “There is an urgent need to understand the custodial behavior of this group of offenders and its potential impact on other prisoners” (Guardian, March 3).

Government Response

In a speech at King’s College on January 17, Home Secretary Jacqui Smith announced that “with the Ministry of Justice and the Prisons Service we have set up an important program to understand and address radicalization in our prisons system” [4].

This announcement is something that the Prison Officers Association and others have long been calling for. Its delay was the product of a recent shake-up in the Home Office of the United Kingdom.

Sparked by an immigration scandal, then-Home Secretary John Reid announced in the ensuing process that responsibility across the government for counter-terrorism would be moved to an Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism within the Home Office.

Responsibility for prisons, formerly a Home Office role, would now be handed off onto the newly formed Ministry of Justice (BBC, March 29, 2007).

The Home Office has also introduced a four-strand counter-terrorism strategy known as “Contest,” involving phases known as “Prevent, Pursue, Protect and Prepare.” It was determined, however, that the “Prevent” aspect—which deals with “tackling the radicalization of individuals”—of the government’s strategy would be led by the Department of Communities and Local Government.

One can see how radicalization in prisons falls tidily between the cracks in these newly defined bureaucratic lines.

Conclusion

The potential risks from Britain’s prisons would seem to be real, though not completely understood. While more rigid vetting has hopefully prevented extremist imams from preaching to susceptible and captive populations of incarcerated young men, the system is not foolproof. The bigger problems remain of how to handle a growing long-term prison population of hardened terrorists from proselytizing to fellow prisoners and how to prevent a repetition of some of the problems faced during the Irish troubles.

When one considers that Britain’s internal security service MI5 claims to have at least 2,000 terrorist plotters under surveillance, with possibly “double that number” that they do not know about [5], it seems inevitable that the problem of prison radicalization will be further magnified.

Notes

1. HM Prison Belmarsh, Annual Report of the Independent Monitoring Board, July 2006-June 2007.

2. “Eesa Barot's Letter to the Ummah,” al-istiqamah.com.

3. “Abuse of Muslims in Frankland Prison,” Help the Prisoners campaign pack, December 27, 2007; helptheprisoners.org.uk.

4. Home Secretary Jacqui Smith, “Our Shared Values – A Shared Responsibility,” First International Conference on Radicalisation and Political Violence, January 17, 2007; security.homeoffice.gov.uk.

5. Jonathan Evans, “Address to the Society of Editors by the Director General of the Security Service,” November 5, 2007; mi5.gov.uk.


http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news ... id=2374051
La necesidad permite lo prohibido.

kilo009
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Mensaje por kilo009 » Lun Abr 14, 2008 8:37 pm

Jacquie Smith, ministra del Interior británica, informó que se investigan los siguientes elementos a cuanto al terrorismo a gran escala en dicho país, considerándose la situación de grave y creciente:

-30 complots activos con un riesgo grave.
-2000 individuos están siendo vigilados
-200 redes están activas
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kilo009
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Mensaje por kilo009 » Jue May 08, 2008 11:28 pm

Un tribunal especial de inmigración del Reino Unido decretó jueves libertad bajo fianza para el clérigo radical Abu Qatada, el jordano considerado emir espiritual de Al-Qaeda en Europa.
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Mensaje por kilo009 » Vie May 09, 2008 10:26 pm

Nuevamente de Jane's sobre los atentados de Londres y Glasgow en 2007:

London's 'fuel-air' bombs

New details about the attempted attacks on London and Glasgow in June 2007 were revealed in the trial of Sabeel Ahmed, 26, an Indian-born doctor who failed to inform the authorities that his brother Kafeel was involved in the incidents. According to the prosecution, the car bombs left on London streets were fuel-air devices that failed to ignite

Jane's
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Mensaje por kilo009 » Jue Jun 12, 2008 4:51 pm

El Herald Tribune nos cuenta:

Partner of failed bomber convicted for not alerting British police

The partner of an Islamic would-be suicide bomber was convicted Wednesday of having failed to alert the police in Britain of the bomber's plans for an attack on the London subway system.

The conviction came one day after a Moroccan court convicted 29 Islamists of planning to carry out terrorism attacks in Iraq and after the Spanish police arrested eight men suspected of giving financial and logistical support to a terrorist group in Algeria linked to Al Qaeda.

The jury in London on Wednesday found Yeshi Girma, 32, guilty of failing to provide information before her partner, Hussain Osman, and others tried to set off explosions on the London transit system on July 21, 2005. Girma was also found guilty of assisting an offender and failing to disclose information about his involvement.

Mulu Girma, 24, and Esayas Girma, 22, Yeshi Girma's sister and brother, were both found guilty of failing to disclose information and of helping Osman. Mulu Girma's boyfriend, Mohammed Kabashi, 25, pleaded guilty to both charges before the trial.

Sentencing was set for Thursday. The maximum sentence for failing to inform the police is five years.

Yeshi Girma, who wept as the verdict was announced, has said that she was not married to Osman, with whom she had three children, that she did not live with him and that she knew little about what he was doing.

The Crown Prosecution Service, meanwhile, maintains that Girma is Osman's wife. Prosecutors said that she helped him flee the country after the attempted terror attacks, and that her fingerprints had been found on tape recordings of extremist Islamic sermons.

The bombs in the attempted attacks, which came two weeks after four bombers killed 52 subway and bus passengers in London, failed to explode fully and no one was hurt.

Osman was sentenced to life in prison, along with Muktar Said Ibrahim, Yassin Omar and Ramzi Mohammed. Another terror plotter, Manfo Kwaku Asiedu, was sentenced to 33 years in prison.
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Mueca
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Re: Terrorismo islámico en Reino Unido

Mensaje por Mueca » Dom Ene 11, 2009 11:55 pm

Jonathan Ross, Director del MI5 dijo el pasado miércoles que células de Al-Qaeda basadas en Pakistán están planeando un ataque en Reino Unido, y que son plenamente capaces para ello.

Director MI5 Jonathan Ross has said Wednesday Pakistan based Al-Qaeda is planning to launch terror attacks on United Kingdom besides he also noted, “It is certainly capable to do this job.”

He also said that the successful investigation against terrorists have deescalated terror strikes in UK however; he warned that Pakistani Al-Qaeda was capable enough to strike again. http://www.geo.tv/1-7-2009/32143.htm


Habrá que tener cuidado con posibles planificaciones similares en España.
easy

kilo009
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Re: Terrorismo islámico en Reino Unido

Mensaje por kilo009 » Jue Feb 19, 2009 9:43 pm

Hay posibilidad de que deporten a Abu Qatada a Jordania (allí no creo que lo traten muy bien :twisted: )

http://www.adnkronos.com/AKI/English/Re ... 3030178615

Lo dicho, buen viaje...
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kilo009
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Re: Terrorismo islámico en Reino Unido

Mensaje por kilo009 » Jue Abr 09, 2009 10:48 pm

La ha liado parda...

Imagen

Imagen

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/u ... 068589.ece

Y la Operación Pathway:

Gordon Brown is asking Pakistan for help after the arrest of 12 al-Qaeda terrorist suspects in Britain last night.

The results of Operation Pathway, the co-ordinated raids brought forward to yesterday after a security breach by Scotland Yard's counter-terrorism chief, have raised considerable alarm because 11 of those arrested were Pakistanis who have been staying in Britain on student visas. There are fears that they came to the country as genuine students before plotting to mount a terrorist attack, or even that they arrived under that guise with the intention of forming a terrorist sleeper cell.

As police continued the search for bomb-making material, the Prime Minister said that they were dealing with "a very big terrorist plot". The students' identities prompted him to highlight the connection with Pakistan. Contact has already been made with the Pakistani authorities to try and trace a direct link with known al-Qaeda figures living in the tribal areas of the country.

Mr Brown said: “We know that there are links between terrorists in Britain and terrorists in Pakistan. That is an important issue for us to follow through and that’s why I will be talking to President Zardari about what Pakistan can do to help us in the future."

The Prime Minister's public reference to Pakistan drew a response from the Pakistani High Commission in London. Asif Durrani, acting High Commissioner, said it was unhelpful to “finger-point” and insisted that Britain and Pakistan were cooperating in dealing with the latest allegations.

He told The Times: “I don’t think the Prime Minister has pointed the finger at Pakistan - finger-pointing won’t help because both our countries are victims of terrorism. Pakistan and Britain are cooperating all the time, including in this latest operation."

Security sources said that evidence of students in the latest alleged plot added yet another element to the widely different profiles that emerged from previous terrorist operations in Britain. They also revealed that the police had gone ahead with the arrests in Manchester, Liverpool and Clitheroe in Lancashire after evidence emerged from intelligence operations of a “clear intent and capability” to carry out a terrorist attack.

Although there was no indication of where or when the suspects might have launched an attack, the threat was considered grave enough - and sufficiently imminent, possibly even over the Easter weekend - to justify the arrests.

A judgment had to be made, the sources said, between pursuing the intelligence operations led by MI5 and making arrests because of the potential risk to the safety of the public.

The raids were planned for the early hours of this morning, and hundreds of police officers across the northwest had been briefed to carry out the arrests at the suspects’ homes, forcing entry into the buildings where they were known to be living.

But they were brought forward after Bob Quick, who resigned this morning as Assistant Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, inadvertently revealed details of the operation to photographers in Downing Steet. The notes were typed on a clearly visible document that he was carrying under his arm as he went in to see Mr Brown and Jacqui Smith, the Home Secretary.

As soon as the photograph was published, Scotland Yard and MI5 moved to quash its publication by issuing a rare D-notice to media organisations. Recognising, however, that the operation had already been compromised, they decided to carry out the raids in broad daylight. The operation began at such short notice that officers needed a running commentary from undercover MI5 surveillance specialists to inform them of where the suspects were.

In his resignation statement, Mr Quick said that he "deeply regretted" jeopardising the raids, which followed a lengthy covert surveillance operation.

Speaking on a visit to Carlisle, however, Mr Brown said that the raids had been successful. He added that he had spoken to Mr Quick and thanked him for his years of service.

Mr Brown said: "He has made his apologies and was very concerned that an apology was made for a blunder that happened, but we must remember the context of this: we are dealing with a very big terrorist plot; we have been following it for some time; there were a number of people who are suspected of it who have been arrested. That police operation was successful.

A Metropolitan Police spokesman confirmed that Mr Quick had resigned not just from his job but from the force, which he joined in 1978. After more than 30 years' service he will be eligible for a full index-linked pension, expected to be more than £100,000 a year, even though he is still only 49.

Mr Quick will be replaced by Assistant Commissioner John Yates, who has no direct counter-terrorist experience but is considered one of Scotland Yard's strongest operational leaders. Mr Yates led the Met's cash-for-honours investigation in the last year of Tony Blair's premiership.
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kilo009
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Re: Terrorismo islámico en Reino Unido

Mensaje por kilo009 » Dom Dic 20, 2009 11:28 pm

Los de Scotland Yard prevén un atentado similar al de Bombay en Londres, para 2010 :shock: Me sorprende como la Policía alerta del posible atentado a los empresarios de la zona, y como les advierte de como se realizaría: Pequeños grupos armados con artefactos explosivos caseros y armas automáticas, con posibilidad de toma de rehenes.

La amenaza terrorista es muy real.

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/u ... 962867.ece
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Oraculo
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Re: Terrorismo islámico en Reino Unido

Mensaje por Oraculo » Dom Dic 20, 2009 11:34 pm

Demasiados datos y muy concretos, la verdad.

En cristiano: http://www.google.com/hostednews/epa/article/ALeqM5grfAxhtNNmBbIjCnu9EUa0QMzBAw
"La política es el arte de servirse de los hombres haciéndoles creer que se les sirve a ellos". Louis Dumur

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